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In she recorded an album of Cohen songs, Famous Blue Raincoat. They also gave a series of highly emotional and politically controversial concerts in Poland, which had been under martial law just two years before, and performed the song " The Partisan ", regarded as the hymn of the Polish Solidarity movement.
The following year he released I'm Your Man. Cale's version formed the basis for a later cover by Jeff Buckley. In a New York Times review Janet Maslin praised the book and the song, noting that "Cohen spent years struggling with his song "Hallelujah", which eventually became one of the most "oft-performed songs in American musical history.
He first introduced the song during his world tour in InCohen released The Futurewhich urges often in terms of biblical prophecy perseverance, reformation, and hope in the face of grim prospects. Three tracks from the album — " Waiting for the Miracle ", "The Future" and "Anthem" — were featured in the movie Natural Born Killerswhich also promoted Cohen's work to a new generation of US listeners.
As with I'm Your Manthe lyrics on The Future were dark, and made references to political and social unrest. The title track is reportedly a response to the Los Angeles riots. Cohen promoted the album with two music videos, for "Closing Time" and "The Future", and supported the release with the major tour through Europe, United States and Canada, with the same band as in his tour, including a second appearance on PBS 's Austin City Limits.
Some of the Scandinavian shows were broadcast live on the radio. The selection of performances, mostly recorded on the Canadian leg of the tour, was released on the Cohen Live album. InCohen also published his book of selected poems and songs, Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songson which he had worked since It includes a number of new poems from the late s and early s and major revision of his book Death of a Lady's Man.
InCohen retreated to the Mt. Baldy Zen Center near Los Angeles, beginning what became five years of seclusion at the center. He served as personal assistant to Kyozan Joshu Sasaki Roshi. The first was left over from Cohen's unfinished mids album, which was announced to include songs like "In My Secret Life" already recited as a song-in-progress in and "A Thousand Kisses Deep",  both later re-worked with Sharon Robinson for the album Ten New Songs.
Although there was a public impression that Cohen would not resume recording or publishing, he returned to Los Angeles in May He began to contribute regularly to The Leonard Cohen Files fan website, emailing new poems and drawings from Book of Longing and early versions of new songs, like "A Thousand Kisses Deep" in September  and Anjani Thomas's story sent on May 6,the day they were recording "Villanelle for our Time"  released on 's Dear Heather album.
After two years of production, Cohen returned to music in with the release of Ten New Songsfeaturing a major influence from producer and co-composer Sharon Robinson. In OctoberCohen released Dear Heatherlargely a musical collaboration with jazz chanteuse and romantic partner Anjani Thomas, although Sharon Robinson returned to collaborate on three tracks including a duet.
As light as the previous album was dark, Dear Heather reflects Cohen's own change of mood — he said in a number of interviews that his depression had lifted in recent years, which he attributed to Zen Buddhism. In an interview following his induction into the Canadian Songwriters' Hall of Fame, Cohen explained that the album was intended to be a kind of notebook or scrapbook of themes, and that a more formal record had been planned for release shortly afterwards, but that this was put on ice by his legal battles with his ex-manager.
Blue Alertan album of songs co-written by Anjani and Cohen, was released in to positive reviews. Sung by Anjani, who according to one reviewer " Before embarking on his — world tour, and without finishing the new album that had been in work sinceCohen contributed a few tracks to other artists' albums — a new version of his own "Tower of Song" was performed by him, Anjani Thomas and U2 in the tribute film Leonard Cohen I'm Your Man  the video and track were included on the film's soundtrack and released as the B-side of U2's single " Window in the Skies ", reaching No 1 in the Canadian Singles Chart.
In lateCohen's Album) Lorca began to suspect Kelley Lynch, Cohen's longtime manager, of financial impropriety. This had begun as early aswhen Lynch started selling Cohen's music publishing rights, despite the fact that Cohen had had no financial incentive to do so. Lynch ignored the suit and did not respond to a subpoena issued for her financial records.
Cohen published book of poetry and drawings, Book of Longingin May In March, a Toronto-based retailer offered signed copies to the first 1, orders placed online: all 1, sold within hours.
The book quickly topped bestseller lists in Canada. On May 13, Cohen made his first public appearance in 13 years, at an in-store event at a bookstore in Toronto.
Approximately 3, people arrived, causing the streets surrounding the bookstore to be closed. Appearing with him was Anjani, promoting her new CD along with his book. That same year, Philip Glass composed music for Book of Longing. Following a series of live performances that included Glass on keyboards, Cohen's recorded spoken text, four additional voices soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor, and bass-baritoneand other instruments, and as well as screenings of Cohen's artworks and drawings, Glass' label Orange Mountain Music released a double CD of the work, entitled Book of Longing.
To recoup the money his ex-manager had stolen, Cohen embarked on his first world tour in 15 years. He said that being "forced to go back on the road to repair the fortunes of my family and myself And I think it warmed some part of my heart that had taken on a chill. The tour began on May 11 in FrederictonNew Brunswick, and was extended until late Inthe performances were awarded Ireland's Meteor Music Award as the best international performance of the year.
The album contains 25 songs and is more than two and one-half hours long. It was the first official DVD in Cohen's recording career. In JanuaryThe Pacific Tour first came to New Zealand, where the audience of 12, responded with five standing ovations.
The North American Tour of opened on April 1, and included the performance at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on Friday, April 17,in front of one of the largest outdoor theatre crowds in the history of the festival. His performance of Hallelujah was widely regarded as one of the highlights of the festival, thus repeating the major success of the Glastonbury appearance.
In JulyCohen started his marathon European tour, his third in two years. On September 18,on the stage at a concert in ValenciaSpain, Cohen suddenly fainted halfway through performing his song "Bird on the Wire", the fourth in the two-act set list; Cohen was brought down backstage by his band members and then admitted to local hospital, while the concert was suspended.
The show, last in Europe in and rumoured to be the last European concert ever, attracted many international fans, who lighted the green candles honouring Cohen's birthday, leading Cohen to give a special speech of thanks for the fans and the Leonard Cohen Forum. The event was surrounded by public discussion due to a cultural boycott of Israel proposed by a number of musicians. The sixth leg of the — world tour went again to the US, with 15 shows.
Cohen's — world tour was prolonged into Originally scheduled to start in March, it began in September due to his back injury. The collection included a selection from all Cohen's books, based on his books of selected works, Stranger Musicand as well from Book of Longingwith addition of six new song lyrics. Nevertheless, three of those songs, "A Street", recited in"Feels So Good", performed live in andand "Born in Chains", performed live inwere not released on Cohen's album Old Ideaswith him being unhappy with the versions of the songs in the last moment; the song "Lullaby", as presented in the book and performed live inwas completely re-recorded for the album, presenting new lyrics on the same melody.
The book is the second major biography of Cohen Ira Nadel's biography Various Positions was the first. Leonard Cohen's 12th studio album, Old Ideaswas released worldwide on January 31,and it soon became the highest-charting album of his entire career, reaching No. The lyrics for the song "Going Home" were published as a poem in The New Yorker magazine in Januaryprior to the record's release.
The album received uniformly positive reviews from Rolling Stone the Chicago Tribune and The Guardian. It grapples once again with topics Mr. Cohen has pondered throughout his career: love, desire, faith, betrayal, redemption. Some of the diction is biblical; some is drily sardonic. On August 12,Cohen embarked on a new European tour in support of Old Ideasadding a violinist to his — tour band, now nicknamed Unified Heart Touring Band, and following the same three-hour set list structure as in — tour, with the addition of a number of songs from Old Ideas.
A summer tour of Europe happened shortly afterwards. His final concert was performed at the Vector Arena in Auckland.
Cohen released his 13th album, Popular Problemson September 24, Before his death, Cohen had begun working on a new album with his son Adama musician and singer-songwriter. Writing for AllMusiccritic Bruce Eder assessed Cohen's overall career in popular music by asserting that "[he is] one of the most fascinating and enigmatic Second only to Bob Dylan and perhaps Paul Simonhe commands the attention of critics and younger musicians more firmly than any other musical figure from the s who continued to work in the 21st century.
I Your So Called Friends - Cookie McGee - Right Place (CD all of Leonard's songs, early or late. I like some of his later songs even better than his early ones.
Yet there's a simplicity to his early ones that I like, too. He's very much a descendant of Irving Berlin. Both of them just hear melodies that most of us can only strive for. Leonard particularly uses chord progressions that are classical in shape. He is a much more savvy musician than you'd think. Themes of political and social justice also recur in Cohen's work, especially in later albums. Take the only tree that's left and stuff it up the hole in your culture", "Destroy another fetus now, we don't like children anyhow".
War is an enduring theme of Cohen's work that—in his earlier songs and early life—he approached ambivalently. Challenged in over his serious demeanor in concerts and the military salutes he ended them with, Cohen remarked, "I sing serious songs, and I'm serious onstage because I couldn't do it any other way I don't consider myself a civilian.
I consider myself a soldier, and that's the way soldiers salute. It is a beautiful thing for us to be so deeply interested in each other. You have to write about something.
Women stand for the objective world for a man, and they stand for the thing that you're not. And that's what you always reach for in a song. Deeply moved by encounters with Israeli and Arab soldiers, he left the country to write " Lover Lover Lover ". This song has been interpreted as a personal renunciation of armed conflict, and ends with the hope his song will serve a listener as "a shield against the enemy".
He would later remark, " 'Lover, Lover, Lover' was born over there; the whole world has its eyes riveted on this tragic and complex conflict. Then again, I am faithful to certain ideas, inevitably. I hope that those of which I am in favour will gain. Personal process is one thing, it's blood, it's the identification one feels with their roots and their origins.
The militarism I practice as a person and a writer is another thing. I don't wish to speak about war. I see a lot of people at the Zen Centre, who have gone through drugs and found a way out that is not just Sunday school. There are always alternatives, and I might have been able to lay something on him. Centred on a group of small-time criminals in Montreal, one of the film's characters idolizes Cohen as a symbol of her dreams for a better life, obsessively rereading his writings and rewatching Ladies and Gentlemen.
The song is played and its meaning is discussed as an important plot point of the episode. InIhlen died of leukemia three months and nine days before Cohen. Know that I am so close behind you that if you stretch out your hand, I think you can reach mine. The letter actually an emailobtained through the Leonard Cohen estate, reads:. I'm just a little behind you, close enough to take your hand.
This old body has given up, just as yours has too. I've never forgotten your love and your beauty. But you know that. I don't have to say any more. Safe travels old friend. See you down the road. Endless love and gratitude. In the s, Cohen was in a relationship with artist Suzanne Elrod. This can be noticed rather clearly in the films Grand Prix as Izo Yamura [ citation needed ] and Midway where Your So Called Friends - Cookie McGee - Right Place (CD reads for Toshiro Mifune 's performances as Admiral Yamamoto ;  [ self-published source?
Unlike many voice actors who did most of their work for one studio, Frees worked extensively with at least nine of the major animation production companies of the 20th century: Walt Disney ProductionsWarner Bros. Some of Frees's most memorable voices were for various Disney projects.
Frees voiced Disney's Professor Ludwig Von Drake in eighteen episodes of the Disney anthology television series beginning with the first episode of the newly renamed Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color on September 24, The character also appeared on many Disneyland Records. A different Frees recording of this song appeared on a children's record, and was later reissued on CD. Frees narrated a number of Disney cartoons, including the Disney educational short film Donald Duck in Mathmagic Land.
This short originally aired in the same television episode as Von Drake's first appearance. He also provided voices for numerous characters at Disney parks, including the unseen " Ghost Host " in the Haunted Mansion attraction at Disneyland and Walt Disney World, and several audio-animatronic pirates, including the Auctioneer, in the Pirates of the Caribbean ride and recorded the iconic "Dead Men Tell No Tales" used in the ride.
Audio clips from the attractions in Frees's distinctive voice have even appeared in fireworks shows at Disneyland. A computer-animated singing bust in Frees's likeness appeared in the film The Haunted Mansion as a tribute. Similarly, audio recordings of Frees from the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction can be heard in Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End in a homage to the ride. Galvin, a military psychiatrist who attempts to understand why Mr. Daniels believes a shaggy dog can uncover a spy ring.
He also did the film's opening narration. His other Disney credits, most of them narration for segments of the Disney anthology television seriesinclude the following:. For his contributions to the Disney legacy, Frees was honored posthumously as a Disney Legend on October 9, He provided the voices for several J. Frees portrayed the Orson Welles sound-alike radio reporter in George Pal 's film The War of the Worldswhere he is seen dictating into a tape recorder as the military prepares the atomic bomb for use against the invading Martians.
Memorably, his character says that the recording is being made "for future history Frees also provided the film's dramatic opening narration, prior to Sir Cedric Hardwicke 's voice-over tour of the solar system.
Frees subsequently provided the apocalyptic voice for the "talking rings" in Pal's later film The Time Machinein which he explains Your So Called Friends - Cookie McGee - Right Place (CD ultimate fate of humanity from which the time traveler realizes the origin of the Morlocks and Eloi.
Producer Pal later put Frees to work again in the fantasy film Atlantis, the Lost Continent also and doing the opening voice-over narration for Pal's Doc Savage film. At the MGM Animation studio, he also did multiple voice roles for the legendary Tex Avery 's films, notably playing every role in Cellbound in From October through SeptemberPaul Frees provided the voice for the shady lawyer named Judge Oliver Wendell Clutch, a weasel on the animated program Calvin and the Colonel starring the voices of Freeman Gosden and Charles Correllthe series was an animated television remake of their radio series Amos 'n Andy.
He subsequently provided numerous voices for further cartoons in the series that followed, The Famous Adventures of Mr. Frees provided the voice-over for the trailer to the Clint Eastwood thriller, Play Misty for Me. Frees narrated many live action films and television series, including Naked City — Frees also provided the voice of the eccentric billionaire John Beresford Tiptonalways seated in his chair with his back to the viewer while talking to his employee Michael Anthony fellow voice-artist Marvin Milleron the dramatic series The Millionaire.
Frees had a wide range of other roles, usually heard but not seen, and frequently without screen credit. The resonance of his natural voice was similar to that of Orson Wellesand he performed a Welles impression several times. Some highlights of his voice work:. Although Frees was primarily known for his voice work like Mel Blanche was known in the industry as "The Man of a Thousand Voices"he was also a songwriter and screenwriter.
His most notable screenwriting work was the little-seen film The Beatniksa screed against the then-rising Beat counterculture in the vein of Reefer Madness. Inthe film was mocked on an episode of Mystery Science Theater On rare occasions, Frees appeared on-camera, usually in minor roles.
Inhe appeared as an irate husband suing his wife played by Ann Doran for alimony in an episode of CBS 's sitcom The Ray Milland Show ; and, inin an uncredited role as a helicopter pilot in the science-fiction movie, Beginning of the End. In Jet PilotFrees plays a menacing Soviet officer whose job is to watchdog pilot Janet Leighbut instead manages to eject himself from a parked jet, enabling Leigh to rescue John Wayne and fly back to the West.
In the film PattonFrees provided the voices of a war correspondent interviewing Patton while Patton rides his horse, and of a member of Patton's staff, as well as voice-overs for several other actors, including the Moroccan official hosting a troop review for Patton.
Frees is also heard in Tora! Technically maladroit in comparison to his predecessors, Clarke's striking physical appearance proved to be the primary criterion in this decision; an associate of the band would later recall that "the Burritos had to be pretty" and "Corneal didn't fit" from that standpoint.
While unsuccessful from a commercial standpoint, the album was measured by rock critic Robert Christgau as "an ominous, obsessive, tongue-in-cheek country-rock synthesis, absorbing rural and urban, traditional and contemporary, at point of impact. Parsons was frequently indulging in massive quantities of psilocybin and cocaineso his performances were erratic at best, while much of the band's repertoire consisted of vintage honky-tonk and soul standards with few originals. Perhaps the most successful appearance occurred in Philadelphia, where the group opened for the reconstituted Byrds.
Midway through their set, Parsons joined the headline act and fronted his former group on renditions of "Hickory Wind" and "You Don't Miss Your Water". The other Burritos surfaced with the exception of Clarke, and the joint aggregation played several songs, including " Long Black Veil " and "Goin' Back".
Despite a request from the Burritos that the remnants of their publicity budget be diverted to promotion of the single, it also flopped. During this period, Ethridge realized that he did not share Parsons' and Hillman's affinity for country music, precipitating his departure shortly thereafter.
He was replaced by lead guitarist Bernie Leadonwhile Hillman reverted to bass. By this time, Parsons's own use of drugs had increased so much that new songs were rare and much of his time was diverted to partying with the Stones, who briefly relocated to America in the summer of to finish their forthcoming Let It Bleed album and prepare for an autumn cross-country tour, their first series of regular live engagements in over two years.
As they prepared to play the nation's largest basketball arenas and early stadium concerts, the Burritos played to dwindling nightclub audiences; on one occasion, Jagger had to beseech Parsons to fulfill an obligation to his group.
However, the singer's dedication to the Rolling Stones was rewarded when the Burrito Brothers were booked as one of the acts at the infamous Altamont Music Festival.
Playing a short set including "Six Days on the Road" and "Bony Moronie", Parsons left on one of the final helicopters and attempted to seduce Michelle Phillips. This was soon scrapped in favor of a second album of originals on an extremely reduced budget.
Faced with a dearth of new material, most of the album was hastily written in the studio by Leadon, Hillman, and Parsons, with two Gilded Palace of Sin outtakes thrown into the Album). The resulting album, entitled Burrito Deluxewas released in April Although it is considered less inspired than its predecessor, it is notable for the Parsons-Hillman-Leadon song "Older Guys" and for its take on Jagger and Richards' "Wild Horses", the first recording released of this famous song.
Parsons was inspired to cover the song after hearing an advance tape of the Sticky Fingers track sent to Kleinow, who was scheduled to overdub a pedal steel part; although Kleinow's part was not included on the released Rolling Stones version, it is available on bootlegs.
Like its predecessor, Burrito Deluxe underperformed commercially but also failed to carry the critical cachet of the debut. Disenchanted with the band, Parsons left the Burritos in mutual agreement with Hillman, who was long fatigued by his friend's unprofessionalism. Under Hillman's direction, the group recorded one more studio album before dissolving in the autumn of In a recent interview with American Songwriter Chris Hillman explained that "[t]he greatest legacy of the Flying Burrito Brothers and Gram is we were the alternative country band.
We couldn't get on country radio and we couldn't get on rock radio! We were the outlaw country band for a brief period. The two shared a mutual penchant for cocaine and heroin, and as a result, the sessions were largely unproductive, with Parsons eventually losing interest in the project.
But neither of them could get anything done," recalled writer and mutual friend Eve Babitz. He then accompanied the Rolling Stones on their U. Eventually, Parsons was asked to leave by Anita PallenbergRichards' longtime domestic partner. Decades later, Richards suggested in his memoir that Jagger may have been the impetus for Parsons' departure because Richards was spending so much time playing music with Parsons.
Rumors have persisted that he appears somewhere on the legendary album, and while Richards concedes that it is very likely he is among the chorus of singers on "Sweet Virginia", this has never been substantiated. Parsons attempted to rekindle his relationship with the band on their American tour to no avail. After leaving the Stones' camp, Parsons married Burrell in at his stepfather's New Orleans estate. Allegedly, the relationship was far from stable, with Burrell cutting a needy and jealous figure while Parsons quashed her burgeoning film career.
Many of the singer's closest associates and friends claim that Parsons was preparing to commence divorce proceedings at the time of his death; the couple had already separated by this point. With the assistance of Grech and one of the bassist's friends, a doctor who also dabbled in country music and is now known as Hank Wangford Parsons eventually stopped taking heroin; a previous treatment suggested by William Burroughs proved unsuccessful.
He returned to the US for a one-off concert with the Burritos, and at Hillman's request went to hear Emmylou Harris sing in a small club in Washington, D. They befriended each other and, within a year, he asked her to join him in Los Angeles for another attempt to record his first solo album.
It came as a surprise to many when Parsons was enthusiastically signed to Reprise Records by Mo Ostin in mid Unable to afford the services of the TCB Band for a month, the group featured the talents of Colorado-based rock guitarist Jock Bartley soon to climb to fame with Firefallveteran Nashville session musician Neil Flanz on pedal steel, eclectic bassist Kyle Tullis best known for his work with Dolly Parton and Larry Coryell and former Mountain drummer N.
The touring party also included Gretchen Parsons—by this point extremely envious of Harris—and Harris' young daughter. Coordinating the spectacle as road manager was Phil Kaufmanwho had served time with Charles Manson on Terminal Island in the mid-sixties and first met Parsons while working for the Stones in Kaufman ensured that the performer stayed away from substance abuse, limiting his alcohol intake during shows and throwing out any drugs smuggled into hotel rooms.
At first, the band was under-rehearsed and played poorly; however, they improved markedly with steady gigging and received rapturous responses at several leading countercultural venues, including Armadillo World Headquarters in Austin, TexasMax's Kansas City in New York City, and Liberty Hall in Houston, Texas where Neil Young and Linda Ronstadt sat in for a filmed performance.
According to a number of sources, it was Harris who forced the band to practice and work up an actual set list. Nevertheless, the tour failed to galvanize sales of GPwhich never charted in the Billboard For his next and final album, 's posthumously released Grievous Angelhe again used Harris and members of the TCB Band for the sessions. The record generally received more enthusiastic reviews than its predecessor, GP.
Although Parsons only contributed two new songs to the album "In My Hour of Darkness" and "Return of the Grievous Angel"he was reportedly enthused with his new sound and seemed to have finally adopted a diligent mindset to his musical career, limiting his intake of alcohol and opiates during most of the sessions.
Before recording, Parsons and Harris played a preliminary four-show mini-tour as the headline act in a June Warner Brothers country rock package with the New Kentucky Colonels and Country Gazette.
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