In Wallonia the song debuted at 41 before eventually peaking at From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 October Digital Spy. Retrieved 27 January Herald Sun. Retrieved 28 February London Evening Standard.
Times of Matla. The Independent. The Observer. Archived from the original on 19 May Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 7 May Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 23 December Retrieved 9 June Metro Broadcast Corporation.
Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 5 July Official Charts Company. Retrieved 8 August In the s, Motown and its subsidiary labels including Tamla Motownthe brand used outside the US were the most successful proponents of the Motown sounda style of soul music with a mainstream pop appeal. During the s, Motown achieved 79 records in the top-ten of the Billboard Hot between and Motown expanded into film and television production.
It was an independent company until MCA Records bought it in Wright Museum. Berry Gordy 's interest in the record business began when he opened a record store called the 3D Record Mart, a shop where he hoped to "educate customers about the beauty of jazz", in DetroitMichigan.
The Gordys were an entrepreneurial family. Although the shop did not last very long, Gordy's interest in the music business did not fade. He frequented Detroit's downtown nightclubs, and in the Flame Show Bar he met bar manager Al Green not the famed singerwho owned a music publishing company called Pearl Music and represented Detroit-based musician Jackie Wilson. Gordy soon became part of a group of songwriters—with his sister Gwen Gordy and Billy Davis —who wrote songs for Wilson.
Between andGordy wrote or produced over a hundred sides for various artists, with his siblings Anna, Gwen and Robert, and other collaborators in varying combinations.
InGordy met Smokey Robinsonwho at the time was a local seventeen-year-old singer fronting a vocal harmony group called the Matadors.
Gordy was interested in the doo-wop style that Robinson sang. InGordy recorded the group's song "Got a Job" an answer song to " Get a Job " by the Silhouettesand released it as a single by leasing the record to a larger company outside Detroit called End Recordsbased in New York.
The practice was common at the time for a small-time producer. Gordy recorded a number of other records by forging a similar arrangement, most significantly with United Artists. Seeing that the song had great crossover potential, Gordy leased it to United Artists for national distribution but also released it locally on his own startup imprint.
When he found the name was already in use, Berry decided on Tamla instead. Harvey Fuqua later married Gwen Gordy in Gordy looked toward creative self-sufficiency and established the publishing firm Jobete in June incorporated in Michigan. He applied for copyrights on more than seventy songs before the end ofincluding material used for the Miracles and Frances Burnett records, which were leased to Chess and Coral Records. The Michigan Chronicle of Detroit called Gordy an "independent producer of records," as his contributions to the city were beginning to attract notice.
By that time, he was the president of Jobete, Tamla, and the music writing company Rayber. Gordy worked in various Detroit-based studios during this period to produce recordings and demos, but most prominently with United Sound Systems which was considered the best studio in town. However, producing at United Sound Systems was financially taxing and not appropriate for every job, so Gordy decided it would be more cost effective to maintain his own facility. Now, rather than shopping his songs to other artists or leasing his recordings to outside companies, Gordy began using the Tamla and Motown imprints to release songs that he wrote and produced.
He incorporated Motown Records in April Smokey Robinson became the vice president of the company Album) later named his daughter "Tamla" and his son "Berry". Several of Gordy's family membersincluding his father Berry Sr. By the middle of the decade, Gwen and Anna Gordy had joined the label in administrative positions as well.
Gordy's partner Album) the time and wife from —64Raynoma Lilesalso played a key role in the early days of Motown, leading the company's first session group, The Rayber Voices, and overseeing Jobete. Also inGordy purchased the property that would become Motown's Hitsville U.
The photography studio located in the back of the property Come By Here - The Commodores* - Rise Up (CD modified into a small recording studio, and the Gordys moved into the second-floor living quarters.
Within seven years, Motown would occupy seven additional neighboring houses:. It was Tamla's first million-selling record. Postman ". From toMotown had top 10 hits. The company operated several labels in addition to Come By Here - The Commodores* - Rise Up (CD Tamla and Motown imprints. A third label, which Gordy named after himself though it was originally called "Miracle" featured the Temptationsthe ContoursEdwin Starrand Martha and the Vandellas.
A fourth, V. A fifth label, Soulfeatured Jr. Under the slogan "The Sound of Young America", Motown's acts were enjoying widespread popularity among black and white audiences alike. Into the s, I was still not of a frame of mind that we were not only making music, we were making history.
But I did recognize the impact because acts were going all over the world at that time. I recognized the bridges that we crossed, the racial problems and the barriers that we broke down with music.
I recognized that because I lived it. I would come to the South in the early days of Motown and the audiences would be segregated. Then they started to get the Motown music and we would go back and the audiences were integrated and the kids were dancing together and holding hands.
The company loosened its production rules, allowing some of its longtime artists the opportunity to write and produce more of their own material. Motown had established branch offices in both New York City and Los Angeles during the mids, and by had begun gradually moving more of its operations to Los Angeles.
By re-locating, Motown aimed chiefly to branch out into the motion-picture industry, and Motown Productions got its start in film by turning out two hit-vehicles for Diana Ross : the Billie Holiday biographical film Lady Sings the Bluesand Mahogany Ewart Abnerwho had been associated with Motown since the s, became its president in By the s, the Motown "hit factory" had become a target of a backlash from some fans of rock music.
Things don't change. Nowadays, of course, Motown is hip. During the s, Motown was home to successful recording artists such as Boyz II Men and Johnny Gillalthough the company itself remained in a state of turmoil. MCA appointed a series of executives to run the company, beginning with Berry Gordy's immediate successor, Jheryl Busby. Busby quarreled with MCA, alleging that the company did not give Motown's product adequate attention or promotion. InMotown sued MCA to have its distribution deal with the company terminated, and began releasing its product through PolyGram.
PolyGram purchased Motown from Boston Ventures three years later. Harrell served as Motown's CEO for just under two years, leaving the company after receiving bad publicity for being inefficient. Seagram had purchased Motown's former parent Come By Here - The Commodores* - Rise Up (CD inand Motown was in effect reunited with many of its MCA corporate siblings Seagram had hoped to build a media empire around Universal, and started by purchasing PolyGram.
Universal briefly considered shuttering the label, but instead decided to restructure it. Diana Ross, Smokey Robinson, Stevie Wonder, and the Temptations had remained with the label since its early days, although all except Wonder recorded for other labels for several years. Ross left Motown for RCA Records from tobut returned in and stayed untilwhile Robinson left Motown in although he did return to release one more album for the label in The Temptations left for Atlantic Records inbut returned in and eventually left again in As of [update]Wonder is the only artist from Motown's early period still on the label.
Motown was merged with Universal Records to create the Universal Motown Records and placed under the newly created umbrella division of Universal Motown Republic Group. November 28, Retrieved International Business Times. Gazette Review. MTV News. Regulation and the Rise in House Prices".
Cambridge, MA. National Ledger. August 6, April 10, Retrieved September 9, Teen Vogue. Little Cheetah Women blog November Come By Here - The Commodores* - Rise Up (CD, May 20, Retrieved August 23, Deadline Hollywood.
June 12, Retrieved July 28, Popular Music. ISSN JSTOR S2CID Los Angeles Times. The Cheetah Girls. Cheetah-licious Christmas TCG. The Party's Just Begun Tour. The Cheetah Girls franchise 3LW. Blige Empire Cast feat. Kendrick Lamar Kendrick Lamar feat. Authority control. United States. MusicBrainz artist. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
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