It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Hague inthe year of the world's first international scheduled services. The main aim of IATA is to provide safe and secure transportation to its passengers. This one-of-a-kind study tool asks the right questions so you'll know the right answers. Open it and start learning what you need to know in order to get a powerful edge over the competition--at every stage of your piloting career.
Money is always important, but the work is the most important. There is no better answer. Answer samples 1. Money and work both are like siblings. But I believe when you work hard; money will flow to you. So work is more important than money.
Only hard work can help you put another feather in your success cap. I believe they are equally important to our well-being. Certainly both. Even though Work is Worship money makes livelihood. Work follows money and money follows work. However I can adjust for money up to some extent if the work is really challenging and doing which gives me job satisfaction. What are your career goals?
The reasons of this question: This question will test your ability and ambition to develop yourself as well as the ability to plan for the future. Note that long-term goals must be set for the next years.
After 5 years working as a Sales Manager, I have well experienced in training, mentoring and motivating other sales personnel to achieve the goals of the Company. Step 2: Give a brief summary of your experience in your latest positions: Give a summary of latest companies that you have worked for and companies that have helped you succeed with your new jobs. With my skills from training courses, I developed many sales campaigns which contributed much to the development of new customers and maintenance of current customer base.
You may reduce the stress of the interview with such questions. Tell me about a time when you failed? Answer tips It is certainly that anyone fails sometime, especially at work.
For example, fail to comply with the regulations, fail to meet the deadline, fail to persuade others, fail to meet the goals…. What matters more is what you learn from such failure, and the interviewer is planning to investigate that. In answering this question, first, state a situation when you fail to do something It is better if the reason is not your subjective intention. Then state how you realized that and dealt with that.
And finally, how you learn from that. The interviewer decides you are the best candidate just because you are potential to make the most contribution to their organization. So, this question falls among those of the most importance. By asking this question, the interviewer is questioning about your skills and abilities that may help their organization, your special talent that differentiate you from other candidates. To answer this question successfully, first you have to sum up the key requirements of the current job.
Then come how your past experience is useful to the job; How your skills are related and qualified to resolve all the issues in connection with the job; how your knowledge and personality are suitable for the job.
Put them in logical order, support them with your confident tone and structure them soundly to show that you are very firm about what you can do for them. If you were hiring a person for this job, what would you look for?
Answer tips Be careful to mention traits that are needed and that you have. That can be: Qualification, attitude, team spirit, sincerity, and spirit. Answer sample: I would look for good communication skill and for great dedication towards job and responsibility to work in under pressure also. What is the importance of proficiency in several languages for a pilot?
Answer: English language may be enough with a private pilot who only needs to understand control towers. But other pilots, who fly publicly, knowing more than one language is the need and useful. Pilots have many simultaneous responsibilities during flight. What can you tell me about this? Answer: Pilots take responsibility to navigate the flight, view and guide the activities of the team, check instruments, and keep track of the weather, control the height and air traffic.
Performing all these and more, often at once, requests salient multi-tasking abilities and strong concentration. How would you behave as the pilot of a plane during an emergency?
Answer: Express your feeling first. It is best to prove through examples, that you can keep your calmness during such problems, and you can self-control the emergency situation and assign tasks for team members if necessary. What is your greatest weakness? For example: I am a perfectionist and therefore, I rarely believe in anyone who can work as well as me. As a result, I am afraid to delegate important tasks to others. Why should we hire you? One of the best ways to answer this question is to make a short list of all your advantages and create a paragraph that would point out the positive aspects that you would bring to the new job position.
One of the points that you can raise is the similarity of the job profile you are aiming for at the company to the job profile you enjoyed in your previous job.
In addition, your professional ambitions should be made clear — the motivation and dedication that you have for the profession and the opening position. What motivates you to do your best on the job? Tips This is a personal trait that only you can say, but good examples are: Challenge, Achievement, Recognition For any person motivation is the main factor which should make him work in an efficient manner.
And that motivation could be done my some rewards for doing good job, some encouragements etc. Moreover an employees good work must be acknowledged by his employer, which would definitely boost him to work more harder to get more acknowledgements. Answers 1. I was motivated both by the challenge of finishing the projects on time and by managing the teams that achieved our goals. I want to be successful in my job, both for my own personal satisfaction and for my employer.
What are your biggest strong points? This question will help polishing your qualification to the requirements of the employer. Strong points that the employer may concern about: Great communication skills; Ability to adapt to the change in company culture; Ability to solve problems flexibility; Hard-working; Ability to learn from failure; Group work spirit.
What experience do you have in this field? If you do not have specific experience, get as close as you can. Tell the employer what responsibilities you were performing during your job.
They are trained to deal with security and emergency situations which may arise and can administer first aid to passengers. Cabin crew ensure that all emergency equipment is in working order prior to take off and that there are enough supplies for passengers.
They also help passengers to board the plane and give a demonstration of safety procedures and equipment. Air cabin crew strive to make the flying experience a pleasant one for the passengers and will serve refreshments and meals and sell gifts and duty-free items. Cabin crew may work on short or long-haul flights.
Ground handling staff When an aircraft lands and approaches the spot, a ground handling staff gives signs to the pilot with paddles in both hands and guides the aircraft to the location where it should stop. This is called marshalling. Marshalling is very important for moving a large aircraft safely and accurately.
On behalf of the pilots in the cockpit with relatively narrow visibility, the marshaller watches for obstacles on the ground, and makes sure the aircraft does not strike other aircraft. The marshaller must gesture confidence so that the pilots understand the signs accurately. Pilot Prior to departure, pilots check weather information of departure and arrival airports and enroute in the airport office, and prepare for a safe flight. After boarding the aircraft, they receive a detailed report of maintenance conditions from maintenance engineers.
They also personally inspect the aircraft and check for any trouble to make sure everything is all right. Then, the pilots hold a briefing with cabin attendants, and share information on emergency procedures, security information, expected turbulence enroute, weather information at the destination, etc. If turbulence is expected, they provide the degree and time, the timing for turning on the seat belt sign, and discuss the cabin service plan, etc.
During flight, the pilots pay attention to weather and airport conditions, conditions of the aircraft and aircraft flying in the vicinity. While making appropriate decisions at vital points in time, they operate the aircraft so as to ensure a safe and comfortable flight.
Even after arriving at the destination, the pilots review the flight, and submit a safety report. By reporting weather and aircraft conditions enroute to relevant staff, they support safe operations of the next flight. Cargo Staff The aircraft cargo compartment is loaded with various shipments, such as electronic components, valuables, perishables, and live animals.
Cargo staff pay the utmost attention so that these shipments do not affect flight safety. First, when accepting cargo from the customers, they check documents and cargo packaging to make sure that shipments do not contain cargo prohibited from transport, do not damage the aicraft during flight, and such. If necessary, they inspect the cargo. Next, the customers' shipments are built -up in containers etc. On small-sized aircraft, the shipments are loaded directly onto aircraft.
When containerizing, cargo staff pay attention to the weight of each cargo and the Center of Gravity and built-up accordingly so that cargo do not lean or crumble during flight, and then secure the cargo in place on the container, etc. Mechanic After the arrival of an aircraft, mechanics perform pre-flight inspection to prepare for the next flight and repair troubles occurring during flight, which are reported by pilots and cabin attendants.
During pre-flight inspection, they check aircraft conditions of the previous flight, the aircraft exterior for dents or scratches, fuel spillage, wear and tear of tires, whether abrasion of brakes is within the normal range, etc. Mechanics use their five senses to the maximum and do not miss even the slightest abnormal change, such as differences in engine sound. If there are traces of bird strike or lightning strike, they carry out a special inspection. If there is trouble, they accurately pinpoint the cause, and swiftly repair it.
They perform maintenance work daily, bearing in mind Obstacle 1 - Interpol - Germany 2002 (CDr) provide passengers with a comfortable flight, as well as ensure the safety of the aircraft. Ground Service Staff Staff at the check-in counter bear in mind to provide customers with accurate information about their seats and boarding gate, etc.
When checking-in the customer's baggage, they ask whether the baggage contains any articles that are restricted from loading in the cargo compartment, and request the customer's cooperation for safety. At the boarding gate, staff check the boarding pass reader and confirm whether all passengers have boarded.
If there are passengers who have not showed up by departure time, staff check the cabin and call the passenger's name. If the passenger does not show up after all, his or her checked baggage is offloaded for safety reasons before the aircraft Obstacle 1 - Interpol - Germany 2002 (CDr).
Dispatchers Aircraft operations are affected by weather phenomena, such as fog, snow, typhoons, volcanic explosions, mechanical trouble, and other various factors. Dispatchers and other staff centrally control operations of all flights operating and overseas and keep an eye to ensure the passengers' safety. This information is conveyed to the pilots prior to flight duty in the airport office. First officer In commercial aviation, the first officer is the second pilot sometimes referred to as the "co-pilot" of an aircraft.
The first officer is second-in-command of the aircraft, to the captain who is the legal commander. In the event of incapacitation of the captain, the first officer will assume command of the aircraft. Control of the aircraft is normally shared equally between the first officer and the captain, with one pilot normally designated the "pilot flying" PF and the other the "pilot not flying" PNFor "pilot monitoring" PMfor each flight.
Even when the first officer is the flying pilot, however, the captain remains ultimately responsible for the aircraft, its passengers, and the crew. In typical day-to-day operations, the essential job tasks remain fairly equal. Third officer Third officer is a lesser used civil aviation rank. It was primarily used by Pan American World Airways, particularly on its "Clippers" during the infancy of extended range airline routes.
The third officer served as a relief pilot and aircrew member and could move between pilot, co-pilot, radio officer, and flight engineer positions to provide a rest period for the primary crews Flying The World In Clipper Ships. Third officers in modern civil aviation are often not formally titled as such. Rather, these relief pilots take on a junior first officer rank or in some cases a second officer rank.
Air Hostess An Air Hostess ensures comfort and safety of passengers. She explains emergency procedures before take off and assists passengers on board, announces weather and places of interest en route.
Most contemporary professionals remain cautious. However, if people wait until they have absolute proof positive, it may be too late. The cyber trends seem clear. Over the course of approximately 13 years, both the number and frequency of instances of digital disorder have intensified, and the sophistication and diversity of types of cyber attacks have increased. And, what about the future? What technological innovations will impact the ability to serve and protect in the near-term future?
On the near-term horizon, technological wonders will arise of which the unscrupulous will avail themselves, just as others before them have done. SCADA systems are more ubiquitous than personal computers and laptops combined. Without onsite human intervention, they automatically and remotely collect data from sensors in devices used for industrial processing. They store information in databases for subsequent central-site management and processing.
SCADA systems have existed since the s. In the early days, they were stand-alone, and few were networked. Today, virtually all are accessed via the Internet. This may be great as a cost-cutting measure, but not from an information security perspective. Quietly and without fanfare, SCADA systems have proliferated rapidly—for starters, in the electric, oil, and gas; water treatment; waste management; and maritime, air, railroad, and automobile traffic control industries. They are spread far and wide across the nation, even in some of the most remote places imaginable.
Ominous Threats Electromagnetic pulse EMP bombs and high-energy radio frequency HERF weapons differ from the malicious codes, computer viruses, and worms of yesteryear. EMP devices are compact, and perpetrators can use them to overload computer circuitry. The difference is that individuals can focus HERF devices on a specific target using a parabolic reflector. Bots Two decades ago, an expert warned about Internet agents, including bots robotsWeb crawlers, Web spiders, and Web scutters, software apps that traverse the Internet while undertaking repetitive tasks, such as retrieving linked pages, specified words or phrases, or e-mail addresses.
More recent research supports this contention. Given these forecasts, the question is not what might happen tomorrow, but, rather, how well-prepared law enforcement will be to protect and serve. Implications for Law Enforcement Federal agencies responsible for investigating terrorism, including cyber terror, must remain vigilant.
This includes ensuring adequate funding for staffing, equipment, and training. But, beyond that, local law enforcement officers must encourage citizens to be alert and to report suspicious behavior.
These programs can educate taxpayers about activity in the physical realm that should be reported. However, what about transcendence to the virtual realm? Just as someone does not need specialized education to recognize threats in real life, anyone can recognize these digital threats.
What, then, is the bottom line? Necessary Preparations Earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, tornadoes, volcanoes, toxic spills, forest fires, and shark attacks do not occur with great frequency. Precautions, nevertheless, are in place to protect people from the physical threats posed when these natural but seldom-occurring violent events occur.
Although they cannot be forecast with great accuracy, we are prepared for them. Criminals are menacing our cyber shores, preparing to launch a large-scale attack. What is clear is that it will happen. What is not obvious is by whom or when. Al Qaeda already has demonstrated an understanding of the technique.
Daily crackers and terrorists are skulking, battering firewalls, and learning more each time they do so. Clearly, preparations to thwart such attacks are necessary.
Conclusion The skills, tools, and techniques are the same, but information warfare is conducted between military combatants; cyber terrorism targets civilians. Thus, the context and targets, not the technological tools or frequency of attacks, are the more appropriate delimiters that distinguish cyber terror from information warfare. Some of these criminals are being caught and prosecuted, but more remain undetected. It is a growing threat—especially with the rise of digital technologies and Internet file sharing networks.
And much of the theft takes place overseas, where laws are often lax and enforcement is more difficult. All told, intellectual property theft costs U. New Strategy The Department of Justice DOJ recently announced a new strategy that involves partnering more closely with businesses in an effort to combat these types of crimes more effectively.
The Bureau has already been collaborating for years with brand owners, copyright holders, and trademark holders because we know the harm that intellectual property theft causes: legitimate businesses lose billions of dollars in revenue and suffer damaged reputations, consumer prices go up, the U.
FBI efforts with these businesses to date have involved shared information, aggressive criminal initiatives based on current or emerging trends, and investigations. Third-party online marketplaces draw consumers to their sites with competitive pricing and a sense of security, but criminal counterfeiters exploit these marketplaces to gain an appearance of legitimacy, access to far-reaching advertising, and efficient sales transactions. Payment service providers—such as credit card payment processors and related payment alternatives—also give counterfeiters the appearance of legitimacy when they provide payment options that consumers mistakenly interpret to mean that the businesses they service are legitimate.
Online advertising systems and platforms enable website owners to outsource the process of monetizing their website traffic. Criminals have begun exploiting advertising as an alternative revenue stream, drawing traffic to their sites by offering counterfeit products for sale or pirated digital content for download. The benefits of working with these third-party entities? Broadening awareness of the crime problem, obtaining information about crime trends, getting investigative leads that will help identify criminals, and collecting evidence of criminal activity.
The FBI will assist these companies with refining their own analytical tools and techniques for uncovering fraud.
Also new in our approach to intellectual property theft is an enhanced relationship between our criminal and counterintelligence personnel when working theft of trade secrets cases. A trade secrets case worked under the counterintelligence program—which occurs when the involvement of state-sponsored actors is suspected—will be referred to a criminal squad if no state sponsorship is found.
And when criminal investigators begin to suspect the involvement of a state sponsor, the case will be referred to the counterintelligence squad. Government's response to global intellectual property IP theft and enforcement of its international trade laws.
To accomplish this goal, the IPR Center brings together multiple federal agencies—along with Interpol, Europol and the governments of Canada and Mexico—in a task force setting. This task force structure enables the NIPRCC to effectively leverage the resources, skills, and authorities of each partner and provide a comprehensive response to IP theft.
Chain Reaction began in June to combat the proliferation of counterfeit goods into the DoD and federal government supply chains. While individual agencies have focused on counterfeit and misbranded items entering the federal supply chain, Chain Reaction is the first time that NIPRCC participants have collectively addressed this ongoing problem.
Some examples of recent investigations involving counterfeit products entering the federal supply chain include: An investigation uncovered the purchase of counterfeit Cisco converters by an individual, who intended to sell them to the DoD for use by the Marine Corps to transmit troop movements, rely intelligence and maintain security for a military base.
An investigation uncovered a global procurement and distribution network based in California that provided counterfeit integrated circuits to various governmental agencies, including the military and prime DoD contractors. Agents conducted undercover purchases from individuals within the company under official navy contracts and were provided counterfeits for various weapon platforms. An investigation identified a Florida-based electronics broker providing counterfeit integrated circuits to a prime DoD contractor fulfilling a Navy contract for components destined for implementation into ship and land based antennas.
Particular emphasis is placed on the use of the Internet as the primary means of communication and ordering of pharmaceuticals. The consumer purchases the pharmaceutical with the belief that the product advertised is a legitimate product,but in fact, is often purchasing a counterfeit or unapproved version of the drug that has often been manufactured in unsanitary conditions or not subjected to any safeguards or quality control regimes.
Apothecary provides for a two-pronged attack on pharmaceutical smuggling:detecting violations at the border; and providing opportunities for investigations and enforcement actions against traffickers of counterfeit drugs and medical devices.
Apothecary specifically measures and attacks vulnerabilities in the entry process, which allow for the smuggling of commercial quantities of unapproved, counterfeit, or adulterated pharmaceuticals.
In addition, Apothecary identifies and dismantles foreign organizations that sell and ship pharmaceuticals that are illegally imported into the U.
Operation Engine Newity A third NIPRCC initiative, Operation Engine Newity, focuses on countering the threat of counterfeit automotive, aerospace, rail, and heavy industry related components that are illegally imported and distributed throughout the United States. These counterfeit components represent a grave threat to public safety due to the critical nature Obstacle 1 - Interpol - Germany 2002 (CDr) transportation-related applications and can include such components as airbags, brake pads, steering rods, and bearings.
The faulty operation of these devices alone can cause bodily harm such as a counterfeit airbag, but in some cases can result in a catastrophic accident like an air crash or major train derailment. Operation Engine Newity seeks to bring to bear all elements of federal law enforcement to counter this threat by educating industry stakeholders and the public, interdicting the counterfeit goods at the ports of entry, and investigating and prosecuting individuals who traffic these goods for monetary gain.
Photo: The Voorhes; Boards from Hondata In Februarythe FBI charged a Florida man, Marc Heera, with selling a cloned version of the Hondata s, a plug-in module for the engine computer that reads data from sensors in Honda cars and automatically adjusts the air-fuel mixture, idle speed, and other factors to improve performance.
The plug-in also allows users to monitor the engine via Bluetooth and make their own adjustments. The clones certainly looked like the genuine product, but in fact they contained circuit boards that had likely been built in China, according to designs Heera had obtained through reverse engineering.
Honda warned that cars using the counterfeits exhibited a number of problems, including random limits on engine rpm and, occasionally, failure to start. That may not sound particularly scary until you consider that a hacker who has control of a cloned router can then intercept or redirect communications on the network. Look at the case of Saudi citizen Ehab Ashoor, who was convicted of purchasing cloned Cisco Systems gigabit interface converters with the intent to sell them to the U.
Department of Defense. The devices were to be installed in Iraq in Marine Corps networks used for security systems and for transmitting troop movements and relaying intelligence from remote field operations to command centers.
And unlike counterfeit electronics of the past, modern clones are very sophisticated. Previously, counterfeiters would simply re-mark or repackage old or inferior components and then sell them as if they were new and top of the line; the main problem with these knockoffs was poor reliability.
Cloned electronics these days are potentially more nefarious: The counterfeiters make their own components, boards, and systems from scratch and then package them into superficially similar products.
The clones may be less reliable than the genuine product, having never undergone rigorous testing. But they may also host unwanted or even malicious software, firmware, or hardware—and the buyer may not know the difference, or even know what to look for.
Photos: The Voorhes Almost Twins: A close look at a clone of the Hondata s module paired with an authentic one reveals a few key differences—but not ones a consumer would be likely to spot. The s is a plug-in for car-engine computers. Can you spot the fake? Installing cloned hardware into networks, for instance, could open the door to hackers: They could launch man-in-the-middle attacks or secretly alter a secure communication path between two systems in order to bypass security mechanisms, like integrity verification, encryption, and end-point authentication.
Software hidden in a router could allow an attacker to take control of other systems on the network, rerouting data to remote servers or even disrupting critical systems, such as the flow of electricity through a smart grid.
A cloner who succeeds in embedding malicious software or hardware into a combat drone could shut it down or retarget it when it reached preset GPS coordinates. Already, entire lines of consumer electronics have been cloned. When NEC investigated further, it discovered the problem was far worse: The cloners had developed a host of consumer electronic products—including home entertainment systems, MP3 players, batteries, microphones, and DVD players—and then sold them under the NEC label.
The cloners even provided official-looking warranty documents to customers. While there appear to be no published reports of injury or hacking related to this cloning, the risks are Obstacle 1 - Interpol - Germany 2002 (CDr) today because more of the systems we interact with daily are connected to the Internet of Things.
Cloned hardware may lack the security modules intended to protect such devices, and so it opens up the unsuspecting user to cyberattack. Images: University of Florida X-ray Vision: These X-ray tomography images reveal, layer by layer, the layout of a commercial printed circuit board.
The United States has a long history of welcoming immigrants from all parts of the world. The United States values the contributions of immigrants who continue to enrich this country and preserve its legacy as a land of freedom and opportunity. The promise of citizenship is grounded in the fundamental value that all persons are created equal and serves as a unifying identity to allow persons of all backgrounds, whether native or foreign-born, to have an equal stake in the future of the United States.
USCIS administers citizenship and naturalization law and policy by:. Accordingly, USCIS reviews benefit request for citizenship and naturalization to determine whether :.
Government, meet the eligibility requirements for certain exceptions to the general naturalization requirements. Volume 12, Citizenship and Naturalization, contains detailed guidance on the requirements for citizenship and naturalization. Volume Citizenship and Naturalization. Volume 12 Parts. Part A. Citizenship and Naturalization Policies and Procedures. General policies and procedures relating to citizenship and naturalization.
Part B. Naturalization Examination. Naturalization examination, to include security checks, interview and eligibility review. Part C. Part D. General Naturalization Requirements. General naturalization requirements that apply to most lawful permanent residents. Part E. English and Civics Testing and Exceptions.
Testing for educational requirements for naturalization. Part F. Good Moral Character. Good moral character for naturalization and the related permanent and conditional bars.
Part G. Spouses of U. Part H. Children of U. Part I. Military Members and their Families. Provisions based on military service for members of the military and their families. Part J. Oath of Allegiance. Oath of Allegiance for naturalization, to include modifications and waivers.
Part K. Certificates of Citizenship and Naturalization. Issuance and replacement of Certificates of Citizenship and Certificates of Naturalization. Part L. Revocation of Naturalization. General procedures for revocation of naturalization denaturalization. Upon the adoption of the U.
Constitution int he first U. Neither an application for citizenship, nor the taking of an Oath of Allegiance was required at that time. Persons only needed to remain in the United States at the close of the war and the time of independence to show that they owed their allegiance to the new Government and accepted its protection. The following key legislative acts provide a basic historical background for the evolution of the general eligibility requirements for naturalization as set forth in the Immigration and Nationality Act INA.
Evolution of Naturalization Requirements Prior to the. Statutory Provisions. Act of The Alien Registration. In addition, persons who are born outside of the United States may be U. Persons who are not U. Naturalization is the conferring of U. In general, an applicant files a naturalization application and then USCIS grants citizenship after adjudicating the application.
In some cases, a person may be naturalized by operation of law. This is often referred to as deriving citizenship. In either instance, the foreign citizen or national must fulfill all of the requirements established by Congress.
In most cases, a person may not be naturalized unless he or she has been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence. Deciding to become a U.
Naturalized U. It has long been established that Congress has the exclusive authority under its constitutional power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization and to enact legislation under which citizenship may be conferred upon persons.
Chirac, 15 U. Beforenaturalization within the United States was a judicial function exercised since by various courts designated in statutes enacted by Congress under its constitutional power to establish a uniform rule of naturalization.
Eligible courts may choose to have exclusive authority to administer the Oath of Allegiance. USCIS conducts an investigation and examination of all naturalization applicants to determine whether an applicant meets all pertinent eligibility requirements to become a U.
The investigation and examination process encompasses all factors relating to the applicant's eligibility:  See INA See 8 CFR USCIS officers have authority to conduct the investigation and examination.
The authority is delegated by the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. The authority includes the legal authority for certain officers to administer the Oath of Allegiance, obtain oral and written testimony during an in-person interview, subpoena witnesses, and request evidence. The applicant has the burden of establishing eligibility by a preponderance of the evidence throughout the examination. The officer must resolve any pending issues and obtain all of the necessary information and evidence to make a decision on the application.
Uniformity in decision-making and application processing is vital to the integrity of the naturalization process. Congress amended the statute in to include English language requirements and a provision for questioning applicants on their understanding of the principles of the Constitution.
USCIS conducts an investigation of the applicant upon his or her filing for naturalization. The investigation consists of certain criminal background and security checks. In addition, USCIS conducts other inter-agency criminal background and security checks on all applicants for naturalization. The background and security checks apply to most applicants and must be conducted and completed before the applicant is scheduled for his or her naturalization interview.
USCIS must collect fingerprint records as part of the background check process on applicants for naturalization regardless of their age. In general, applicants receive a biometric service appointment at a local Application Support Center ASC for collection of their biometrics fingerprints, photographs, and signature. USCIS notifies applicants in writing to appear for fingerprinting after filing the naturalization application.
Fingerprints are valid for 15 months from the date of processing by the FBI. An applicant abandons his or her naturalization application if the applicant fails to appear for the fingerprinting appointment without good cause and without notifying USCIS. Previously, USCIS had waived the fingerprint requirements for applicants 75 years old or older because it was difficult to capture readable fingerprints from this age group.
As a result, applicants 75 years old or older were not required to appear at an ASC. Electronic processing of applications and improved technology now allows USCIS to capture fingerprints for applicants of all ages and enhances the ability to confirm identity and perform required background checks.
The response from the FBI that a full criminal background check has been completed includes confirmation that:. USCIS makes special arrangements to accommodate the needs of applicants who are unable to attend an appointmentincluding applicants with disabilities and homebound or hospitalized applicants.
Applicants who are homebound or hospitalized may request an accommodation when unable to appear at an ASC for biometrics processing. Applicants should submit a copy of the appointment notice and medical documentation verifying the need for an in-home appointment with the local field office.
Applicants with Certain Medical Conditions. An applicant may qualify for a waiver of the fingerprint requirement if the applicant is unable to provide fingerprints because of a medical condition, to include birth defects, physical deformities, skin conditions, and psychiatric conditions.
An officer responsible for overseeing applicant fingerprinting may grant the waiver in the following situations :. An applicant who is granted a fingerprint waiver must bring local police clearance letters covering the relevant period of good moral character to his or her naturalization interview.
All clearance letters become part of the record. In cases where the applicant is granted a fingerprint waiver or has two unclassifiable fingerprint results, the officer must take a sworn statement from the applicant covering the period of good moral character. An officer should not grant a waiver if the waiver is solely based on:.
The FBI name check must be completed and cleared before an applicant for naturalization is scheduled for his or her naturalization interview. Definitive responses used to support other applications are valid for 15 months from the FBI process date. A new name check is required in cases where the final adjudication and Obstacle 1 - Interpol - Germany 2002 (CDr) have not occurred within that timeframe or the name check was processed incorrectly. Authority to Conduct Examination.
USCIS officers have authority to conduct the investigation and examination, to include the naturalization interview. The officer should introduce him or herself and explain the purpose of the naturalization examination and pla ce the applicant under oath at the start of the interview.
The officer may ask any questions that are pertinent to the eligibility determination. The officer should provide the applicant with suitable opportunities to respond to questions in all instances. Accordingly, a different officer may administer the tests. Grounding Decisions on Applicable Laws. An officer must analyze the facts of each case to make a legally sound decision on the naturalization application.
The officer must base his or her decision to approve or deny the application on the relevant laws, regulations, precedent decisions, and agency guidance:. Let us know here. System error. Please try again!
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Nectarine No. Labels:OrchidsThe Nectarine No. Thursday, April 05, John Peel - 5th April Featuring The Orb in session. DJ Mink featuring K. Can U Relate? Labels:The Orb.
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