Ai romani va il merito di aver compiuto questo passo essenziale, e devono averlo fatto alcuni decenni prima della fine del I secolo d. Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota.

Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta. I codici di cui parlava erano fatti di pergamena ; nei distici che accompagnavano il regalo di una copia di Omeroper esempio, Marziale la descrive come fatta di "cuoio con molte pieghe". Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro.

Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena. I ritrovamenti egiziani ci permettono di tracciare il graduale rimpiazzo del rotolo da parte del codice.

Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d. Il suo debutto fu modesto. A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Verso il d. I ritrovamenti egiziani gettano luce anche sulla transizione del codex dal papiro alla pergamena. Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 18 codici dello stesso secolo con scritti pagani e quattro di questi sono in pergamena.

Non ne scegliemmo alcuno, ma ne raccogliemmo altri otto per i quali gli diedi dracme in conto. Il codex tanto apprezzato da Marziale aveva quindi fatto molta strada da Roma. Nel terzo secolo, quando tali codici divennero alquanto diffusi, quelli di pergamena iniziarono ad essere popolari.

In breve, anche in Egittola fonte mondiale del papiroil codice di pergamena occupava una notevole quota di mercato. Sono tutti di pergamena, edizioni eleganti, scritti in elaborata calligrafia su sottili fogli di pergamena. Per tali edizioni di lusso il papiro era certamente inadatto.

In almeno un'area, la giurisprudenza romanail codex di pergamena veniva prodotto sia in edizioni economiche che in quelle di lusso. La caduta dell'Impero romano nel V secolo d. Il papiro divenne difficile da reperire a causa della mancanza di contatti con l' Antico Egitto e la pergamenache per secoli era stata tenuta in secondo piano, divenne il materiale di scrittura principale.

I monasteri continuarono la tradizione scritturale latina dell' Impero romano d'Occidente. La tradizione e lo stile dell' Impero romano predominavano ancora, ma gradualmente emerse la cultura del libro medievale.

I monaci irlandesi introdussero la spaziatura tra le parole nel VII secolo. L'innovazione fu poi adottata anche nei Paesi neolatini come l'Italiaanche se non divenne comune prima del XII secolo. Si ritiene che l'inserimento di spazi tra le parole abbia favorito il passaggio dalla lettura semi-vocalizzata a quella silenziosa. Prima dell'invenzione e della diffusione del torchio tipograficoquasi tutti i libri venivano copiati a mano, il che li rendeva costosi e relativamente rari.

I piccoli monasteri di solito possedevano al massimo qualche decina di libri, forse qualche centinaio quelli di medie dimensioni. Il processo della produzione di un libro era lungo e laborioso. Infine, il libro veniva rilegato dal rilegatore. Esistono testi scritti in rosso o addirittura in oro, e diversi colori venivano utilizzati per le miniature. A volte la pergamena era tutta di colore viola e il testo vi era scritto in oro o argento per esempio, il Codex Argenteus. Per tutto l'Alto Medioevo i libri furono copiati prevalentemente nei monasteri, uno alla volta.

Il sistema venne gestito da corporazioni laiche di cartolaiche produssero sia materiale religioso che profano. Questi libri furono chiamati libri catenati. Vedi illustrazione a margine. L' ebraismo ha mantenuto in vita l'arte dello scriba fino ad oggi. Anche gli arabi produssero e rilegarono libri durante il periodo medievale islamicosviluppando tecniche avanzate di calligrafia arabaminiatura e legatoria. Col metodo di controllo, solo "gli autori potevano autorizzare le copie, e questo veniva fatto in riunioni pubbliche, in cui il copista leggeva il testo ad alta voce in presenza dell'autore, il quale poi la certificava come precisa".

In xilografiaun'immagine a bassorilievo di una pagina intera veniva intagliata su tavolette di legno, inchiostrata e usata per stampare le copie di quella pagina. Questo metodo ebbe origine in Cinadurante la Dinastia Han prima del a. I monaci o altri che le scrivevano, venivano pagati profumatamente. I primi libri stampati, i singoli fogli e le immagini che furono creati prima del in Europa, sono noti come incunaboli.

Folio 14 recto del Vergilius romanus che contiene un ritratto dell'autore Virgilio. Da notare la libreria capsail leggio ed il testo scritto senza spazi in capitale rustica. The second ending that was shot and kept has Irene survive her suicide attempt. In many books I have read, it says the movie ended with Glenn on the train opening a letter Irene gave him saying his first story had been published.

I have never seen this ending. In my version of Wild in the CountryIrene sees Glenn to the train station, he gets on the train then we see him walking up the steps at the college. Wild in the Country premiered in Memphis June 15, and opened nationally on June 22, Elvis did not attend the premiere.

This is the only Elvis movie that did not make money. The Colonel wanted six songs in the movie, but only four made it in.

None of the four songs in the movie was released as a single. Elvis recorded two versions, a high key and a low key. It was unreleased for years in the s. Ben Weisman wrote more than 50 songs for Elvis. It is my 6th favorite movie, one of the eleven Elvis movies I watch all the time. I think Blue Hawaii is what started the beach movie crazy in the s, or was at least paved the way.

It is a gorgeous movie to watch with all those vibrant colors, just seems more alive than other movies. Hawaii had just become the 50th state inand Blue Hawaii sort of doubled as advertisement. Before Elvis started filming Blue Hawaiihe did a benefit concert to raise money for the USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor — this would be his last live performance for seven years. Unfortunately, Angela did not feel the same and has been quoted as saying Blue Hawaii was the low point of her career.

Like with GI Bluesthe movie led to the sales of the soundtrack album, which led back to the sale of movie tickets. Blue Hawaii contained 14 songs, more than any other Elvis movie. Elvis plays Chad short for Chadwick Gates, who just returns to his wealthy family after two years in the army. His parents want Chad to work in the family pineapple business, but Chad has other plans a tour guide with the help of his girlfriend Maile.

The Colonel suggested Hawaii as a location for an Elvis movie back in while Elvis was still in the army in Germany because of the popularity of Hawaiian music. This was the second Elvis movie directed by Norman Taurog. It was, however, the first one written by former newspaperman Allan Weiss. Weiss who went on to write screenplays for five other Elvis movies: Girls! Bing plays a PR man hired by a pineapple company to escort the Pineapple Queen contest winner around the islands of Hawaii.

The famous wedding scene was shot on Kauai at the Album) Palms Resort Hotel, which had been in operation since closed in after Hurricane Iniki. While filming, Elvis took golf lessons from pro Gary Player. Filming was always difficult because of the throngs of fans trying to get to Elvis. Extra security guards were around all the time. Besides difficulty with filming, Elvis could not go out and visit the tourist sites like he wanted.

Patti appeared as an extra in a canoe in one of the beach scenes. Rain caused delay in filming one day, then the weather broke so they had limited time to get this shot of Elvis coming out of the water. Elvis removed his watch and the scene was redone. Filming in Hawaii was finished by April 17, Then the cast and crew went back to Hollywood, California and continued filming on Paramount Studios until May 23, Alan Fortas wrote they had the most fun making Blue Hawaii.

Joan and Elvis dated in real life. They first met a few years before Blue Hawaii at Paramount Studios while Elvis was doing Loving You and their romance was on and off for about a year until left Elvis for Germany.

She sang in the movie, but if you notice Joan is not heard on the soundtrack at all as the soundtrack was recorded in Hollywood before filming on the movie began. Joan said Elvis liked her singing a lot when they would sing together off set. Joan said she is reminded of their connection every time she hears that song. Plus Joan saw Elvis in Vegas years later, so it was the last song he sang and that was the last time she ever saw him. Elvis was a very busy boy while filming. This ended when Wallis enforced a 10pm curfew on them after they were showing up on set with bags under their eyes.

Darlene Thompkins, who I was lucky enough to meet at Elvis Week orplayed Patsy one of the girls Chad was showing around Hawaii.

Darlene also played Ms. I have also read that her relationship with Frank Sinatra had something to do with her not reporting for work on another Elvis movie. Juliet Prowse was then put on suspension at Fox Studios.

Flora K. Howard McNear, who played Mr. Chapman the boss at the tourist agency, also famously played Floyd the barber on The Andy Griffith Showone of my favorites. McNear also played in two other Elvis movies. John Stevers in Fun in Acapulco. He also played Chen with Elvis in Girls! Steve Brodie played Tucker Garvey, the troublemaker who gets into a fight with Chad at the bar.

Richard Reeves, who played the harmonica in the jail scene, also had roles in four other Elvis movies. Blue Hawaii opened nationally on November 22, On that same date two years later, President Kennedy would be assassinated. Blue Hawaii also ranked in at InBlue Hawaii was rereleased together with GI Bluesfurthering rumors that it was sort of a sequel. InBlue Hawaii was used by the City of Honolulu to open every weekend movie festival show on a big screen on Waikiki Beach.

Did Blue Hawaii start the beach movie craze of the s? Joan Blackman says yes and no other beach movies come close to Blue Hawaii. But the first beach movie was actually two years before Blue Hawaii. It was Gidget in spawning two sequels, the first was in titled Gidget Goes Hawaiian coincidence?

They would star in many more. Since his two previous dramatic movies Flaming Star and Wild in the Country which neither had soundtracks were not financially successful, the Colonel used the great financial success of Blue Hawaii movie and soundtrack album and the success of GI Blues move and soundtrack album to convince Elvis his fans preferred him in musical comedies, which sadly they did. Elvis had just signed a five year contract with Hal Wallis just before filming Blue Hawaiiso he was stuck doing whatever they wanted.

Elvis was already committed to his next two movies Follow That Dream and Kid Galahad these two also had no soundtracksso there was nothing they could do about those but after that it was travelogue after travelogue.

Elvis recorded all the songs in three nights in Hollywood on March 21, 22 and 23 before filming started. It was listed by Billboard as the second biggest selling album of the s behind West Side Story. It was nominated for a Grammy in for Best Soundtrack. Elvis wore his famous gold lame jacket and sang 19 songs. Two days after the benefit concert, Elvis began filming Blue Hawaii.

It is still not on my rotation of 11 Elvis movies I watch all the time, but I can appreciate it now. The bank scene is especially funny, and I literally laugh out loud when I watch it. Did you notice Joe Esposito as a bank teller and Red West as a security guard? Follow That Dream is a sweet, funny, albeit goofy, movie that I will watch more often now as I have probably only watched it a handful of times.

Gordon Douglas ended up directing the movie and was the only person to have directed both Elvis and Frank Sinatra. Douglas invited Elvis out for dinner during filming, but the Colonel put a stop to it. Gamblers move in next to them and mayhem ensues.

Elvis of course plays Toby Kwimper the son recently home from the army, out on disability. A rarity in his movies, Elvis is not the focal point of each scene but rather a part of an ensemble. Maybe life imitating art again as teenage Priscilla came to live with Elvis and his family at Graceland? Elvis and Anne dated during filming. Anne says she was not a fan of Elvis prior to filming and did not meet him until they were on location in Florida.

She said Elvis brought flowers to her cabin on her first day and they went for a drive and immediately hit it off. Joe Esposito tells a different story. This proved to be false when her stomach was pumped at the hospital.

Location shooting for Follow That Dream began on July 6, and filming began on July 11 continuing through August 28, The studio had to actually build a beach and hauled palm trees into Crystal River.

With temperatures over degrees, Elvis had to change his shirt 22 times in one day. Interiors were shot in the courthouse in Inverness and a bank in Ocala. Filming was delayed while it was removed. Elvis and his friends stayed at the Port Paradise Hotel, situated on a little lagoon out in Crystal Bay which opened up to the Gulf of Mexico. Each room had a little kitchen where Joe Esposito and Alan Fortas would cook Elvis breakfast each morning.

In fact, they would purposely argue loudly while making breakfast as a way to wake up Elvis. Gambling was illegal in Florida, so they had difficulties obtaining two dice tables and other gambling equipment until one day a member of the Chamber of Commerce and a couple of anonymous gamblers showed up and saved the day. Elvis visited these Natural Springs to watch the Mermaids perform in the Underwater Theater, which they did eight shows a day to a million people a year.

It was during this time, Dee told Elvis she was pregnant, but several months later she said had a miscarriage. He was 11 years old at the time. Petty visited his uncle on set and got a chance to to meet Elvis. It was those records that inspired Tom Petty to become a musician as well as a lifelong Elvis fan. Compared to the great success of Blue Hawaiiit was clear the ticket buying audience preferred Elvis in light hearted romantic comedies with lots of songs.

Elvis recorded six songs and around 38 takes in just three hours between 7pm and 10pm. I would watch it even more, but it is the only one of my favorites that is not available to stream online, so I have to actually put the dvd in to watch it. Kid Galahad does not get much publicity, is barely discussed and is rarely shown even though it is good movie with a real plot and a good cast that mixes drama, comedy and music well.

Like Wild in the Countryit is a movie I would watch even if Elvis was not in it — but then again I love s dramas.

Kid Galahad does not rely on Elvis in every scene. It is also the last Elvis movie for six years that was based on a book until Live a Little, Love a Little 18 movies later. The screenplay for Kid Galahad was written by William Fay. It was based on the novel of the same name by Frances Wallace in I have the book but have yet to read it. It also starred Eddie Albert and Sylvia Sidney. Elvis originally wanted Michael Cortiz to direct as he directed the original Kid Galahad in as well as King Creolebut instead Phil Karson was the director.

Theirs became a good relationship. Kid Galahad was the fourth and final Elvis movie produced by Davie Weisbart. In Kid GalahadElvis plays Walter who is just out of the army shocker! His parents had died years earlier and he was raised in Kentucky. He ends up boxing for Willy.

To prepare for his role, Elvis sparred, punched bags, went on a diet and lost 12 pounds. In real life, Gig was drunk a lot of the time and did not treat his young, pretty wife Elizabeth Montgomery of Bewitched fame well.

Years later, Gig shot and killed his fifth wife Kim Schmidt and then shot and killed himself. After re-watching that scene closely over and over, I think I may have figured it out.

Right before Joan cracks up, you see Elvis sort of cross his eyes — it is at the very end of the song. In the original movie, Bette Davis played that roll and falls in love with the young fighter. Elvis invited Michael to one of his weekend trips to Palm Springs with him and the guys.

Elvis rented the top floor at Howard Manor. I met Michael at Elvis Week when he signed his memoir for me. He was very friendly. Orlando de la Fuente, who played Sugarboy Romero, was an undefeated year-old welterweight boxer. Twenty-four years earlier, Callahan had also trained Wayne Morris in the original Kid Galahad movie. They all said Elvis was quick with his hands, but slow on his feet standing with a wide stance due to Karate background. The movie takes place during the summer in the Catskills in New York, but filming in November and December in the higher elevation about feet above sea level California mountains felt more like winter especially when it snowed.

A couple interior scenes were filmed inside Hidden Lodge, but the kitchen set was recreated in the large dining room hall at Buckhorn Camp. Most of the cast and crew stayed at the Idyllwild Inn, which had rooms, a restaurant and cabins.

Movies were shown nightly at the Idyllwild Inn for everyone to enjoy. Unfortunately due to the inclement weather, it was difficult to get the movies up to Idyllwild so they would show the same ones over and over.

After filming, many of the cast and crew, including Elvis, would go to restaurants and bars in Pine Cove and Mountain Center about four miles down towards Lake Hemet. Elvis would also eat hamburgers at a coffee shop in town called the Koffee Kup.

Everyone involved with Kid Galahad all say the same great things about Elvis, that he was shy and charming and polite and professional and friendly. I have actually heard this about Elvis on every movie he made, but it is nice to hear it from the crew and extras as well as the stars. Elvis played football with the guys and sing and entertain everyone and just sit around talk.

In addition to hanging out with the adults, Elvis also talked and played with the kids throwing the football around. Fifty elementary school children from Idyllwild were hired as extras and can be seen in the bleachers during the outdoor boxing scenes. Elvis was always trying to better himself and his performance constantly asking the real life boxers on set to help him improve. Some of the fights scenes in the movie were actually real as they would get a few punches in outside of the choreography.

They gave Elvis three leather bound books. Elvis told him that he suggested to the Studio that they should have switched the filming schedule and filmed Follow That Dream in the winter and Kid Galahad in the summer. This is the same area used at the beginning of The Andy Griffith Show. During filming, Elvis was dating Connie Stevens, but according to Alan Fortas she broke up with him when Joe picked her up instead of Elvis himself and they were not alone for their date, rather surrounded by all the guys.

He stayed there until For the first time, Elvis did not spend Christmas home at Graceland. Elvis sang six songs in Kid Galahad. I have that original 45 rpm record. This is the first Elvis movie that does not have a title song. He is puttering around with his car and flipping through a book and then it shows Dolly longingly looking at Rose and Walter, which helps sets the romantic mood. Kid Galahad was released August 29, and grossed even less than Flaming Star on its release.

One of the reasons it is so easy to watch is because Elvis is particularly HOT in this movie. Yes he is always hot, but something about Elvis in this movie is even more mesmerizing than usual. Another reason I love Girls! Again, Elvis just looks magnificent in his all balck and the way he moves thank you Jackie Wilson — just pure fun! The title Girls! This movie is really more about boats Long Ago - Bing Crosby - Join Bing & Sing Along (Vinyl fishing than girls, but I guess it is not very good publicity to call a movie Boats!

There are barely two girls in Girls! It was years before I realized they were supposed to be in Hawaii. In all of my readings, no one seems to know why they never mentioned they are in Hawaii.

Pre Production of Girls! Hal Wallis was again the producer and Norman Taurog again the director. Key West, Florida was also considered as a possible location. Hal Wallis was no longer interested in portraying Elvis as Long Ago - Bing Crosby - Join Bing & Sing Along (Vinyl serious rebel actor as in some of his previous movies, rather he was going to promote Elvis as an entertainer especially after the hugely successful Blue Hawaii.

So in Girls! Stella Stevens played Robin Gantner, a nightclub singer who used to date Ross and is still in love with him. Although they had similar backgrounds as Stella was also born in Mississippi and lived in Memphis for a time while she went to Memphis State College, she and Elvis did not get along.

This is obviously ridiculous as we all know Elvis rarely drank and detested drunks. Stella begrudgingly took the part only after she was threatened with suspension by Paramount. There is speculation this part would have went to Delores Hart had she not left Hollywood to become a nun. She said there was nothing romantic between her and Elvis, but they were good friends often socializing off set.

She even went out with him alone, without the Memphis Mafia, to dinner in Hilo. I saw Laurel at Elvis Weekthe 40th Anniversary. She did not stay for a meet and greet, but we got to hear her speak at Conversations on Elvis. At Elvis Week the following year inwe got to hear Ginny Tiu speak and play the piano. Red plays the bongos on the tuna boat, and Alan catches a tuna from Ross.

Elvis arrived in Honolulu, Hawaii on April 7, Elvis wanted to travel by ship, but there was a strike so he had to fly. Elvis was greeted by over 8, fans and lost his watch, his tie clip and a diamond ring to these thousands of overzealous fans. The next day a fan called Elvis at the Hawaiian Village Hotel on Oahu to say she had his ring and she would return it — she left it for him at the front desk.

Filming began on April 9, Stunt doubles for Elvis and Laurel were thankfully used in the scene that always makes me hold my breath.

It is the scene toward the end of the movie when Ross and Laurel jump from the sailboat to the speedboat and then the speedboat cuts right in front of the sailboat and the two almost collide. I assume that was not on purpose, and nothing I have read has commented on it except to say that stunt doubles were used.

Location shooting was finished on April 26th and everyone returned to Hollywood where filming resumed on May 1st on Stage 5 at Paramount Studios. Although Elvis was not allowed to break boards as Karate practice during filming for fear he would get hurt, he did manage to play football. English singer Billy Fury visited the set and said his proudest moment was meeting Elvis and presenting him with gold and silver discs for his UK sales.

Filming finished on June 8, After previewed, Hal Wallis edited out five minutes of the movie including two songs. Even though it only came out weeks before the end of the year, Girls! Elvis was voted the Top Box Office Draw by the movie industry, having three of the top grossing movies of Blue Hawaii at 14 even though it was released inKid Galahad at 37 and Girls!

In according to TV GuideGirls! Before filming began in Hawaii, Elvis began three days of recording the soundtrack at Radio Recorders in Hollywood on March 26, They wrote it for The Coasters in The title song is used during the opening credits as well as the end of the movie with different lyrics.

It is the version at the opening credits that is on the soundtrack album. The soundtrack as a whole peaked at 3 and earned a gold record selling over one million dollars and overcopies. The Elvis Movie Formula was now set. With no strong supporting cast in Girls!

His movies were from this point on star vehicles centered around Elvis, which meant the target audience were Elvis fans rather than a wider audience of some of his previous movies. The musical numbers took precedence over character development and storylines. Star vehicles were not unusual for the time and Elvis was a singer, so he made musicals. Like John Wayne made westerns Doris Day made romantic comedies. According to Alan Fortas, Elvis considered Girls!

This was only the fourth movie filmed in Seattle. I thought about Elvis when I visited Seattle in and rode the monorail wondering if Elvis stood in the same place I was waiting to board and when I went up in space needle in during my first visit.

It was produced by Ted Richmond, and the screenplay was written by Si Rose and Seaman Jacobs although originally it was supposed to be written by William Fay. His dressing room once belonged to Clark Gable. Elvis had to postpone his soundtrack session after only recording three songs because he had a cold. Elvis was much more adult looking in this his 12th movie, wearing a suit most of the time. She went on to play a nurse in several other movies.

Joan eventually gave up acting for a career with Hilton Hotels. I always loved her and thought she was so cute and made the movie.

Eventually Vicky moved to Hawaii and became its First Lady from to while her husband was governor. Years later inKurt would play Elvis in a movie called Elvis. Reviews is an independent publisher of car reviews, recalls, faults, image galleries, brochures, specifications and videos. All rights reserved. Reviews has over 1, extensive reviews of 62, Australian cars FA20D valve timing Intake. However, that was not Elvis diving off the foot cliff. But it was Elvis who was carried on the shoulders of onlookers after his victorious dive.

They had to reshoot that scene many times because Elvis was moving around too much because apparently his crotch was being grabbed by one of the guys carrying him. The grabber was then dismissed. But he had to wear it because of his double had worn it in the previously filmed shot. But for the most part, Elvis did like his Latin inspired outfits so much so he asked if he could keep his flamenco outfit the navy blue and red cummerbund and two black silk shirts.

Fun in Acapulco was written by Allan Weiss. He also wrote screenplays for five other Elvis movies: Blue Hawaii, Girls! The only screenplay Weiss retained sole credit for was Fun in Acapulco.

It was originally going to be called Vacation in Acapulco. The idea, inspired by a travel magazine story about Acapulco cliff divers, first came about during the filming of Girls! Elvis was either going to play a boat captain or an entertainer who befriends a native boy who becomes a mini Colonel Parker. In Fun in AcapulcoElvis plays Mike Windgren, a former circus performer who tries to overcome his fear of heights from a high wire family accident from years ago by diving off a cliff.

He is a lifeguard by day and a singer by night while involved with two women and has an eight year old manager. Ursula Andress played Marguerita Dauphin, the hotel social director who is interested in Mike. I would have thought he was attracted to her just for the fact that she dated James Dean, but maybe Elvis had outgrown his James Dean fascination by then.

But Elvis did not date her because she was too broad shouldered for him — definitely not petite like he liked. Although James Dean was smaller than Elvis and he dated Ursula. Even though Ursula was a sex symbol as the first Bond Girl in Dr. Many actors and actresses under contract to Paramount had small roles in Fun in Acapulco as well as in other Elvis movies. Mike De Anda was also in Girl Happy. Charles Evans was also in King Creole. Linda Rand was also in Roustabout and Girls!

Linda Rivera was also in Loving You. Mary Treen was also in Girls! Daniel L. The same movies Hal Wallis produced. Fun in Acapulco opened nationally on November 27,just five days after the assassination of President Kennedy. Special souvenir passports were created to promote the movie. James L. The fact that he was relying on the soundtracks to these movies as his record releases made the necessity of doing musicals even greater. Elvis tried to inject a Spanish feel to his vocals accompanied by the Amigos.

The soundtrack for Fun in Acapulco stayed on the charts for 24 weeks peaking at 3 and selling aroundcopies. Although they were released in order in the UK. This just goes to show you just because something makes money does not means it is good, which is what I have been saying about music for years! The Colonel was upset that Viva Las Vegas had gone way over budget, so he needed to do a cheap quick movie. Elvis was LP for a blond wig, which he hated.

Josh is sent to the Smokey Mountains to get his cousins to let the army use their land as a missile site. Elvis really plays up the country bumpkin Jody versus the distinguished Josh. He played whichever one of the cousins Elvis was not playing in the scene. Glenda Farrell, who plays Ma Tatum, fell off the porch during the scene where she was carrying a big plate of corn on the cob and had to wear a back brace for the remainder of filming. Her visit was cut short when Ann-Margret was quoted in the newspapers as being in love with Elvis.

Yvonne and Elvis previously dated in real life. Pam had also played in Blue Hawaii. Maureen Reagan, the daughter of Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman, played one of the Kittyhawks who were a crazed group of women on the prowl for men aggressively attacking them. Beverly Powers played another one of the Kittyhawks — the one with the big cleavage. Tommy Farrell plays Sgt. Bailey who is involved with Selena.

He also played in my favorite Elvis movie Girl Happy. He had a personal friendship with Elvis, and they played football together on weekends with other actors when in Hollywood. I have met Cynthia Pepper many times as she is very active in the Elvis world and often attends events at Graceland. During Elvis WeekI finally had her sign her book for me.

She is such a great lady! Cynthia was SO excited to be in an Elvis movie that she was going to fit that costume no matter what. There was no audition and after the fitting, she reported on set three days later learning the script on the way to Big Bear. Elvis had recommended Cynthia for the part after seeing her on tv.

She found flowers from him in her room when she arrived. A few minutes later Elvis stopped by to introduce himself. She, like everyone else I have ever read about, said he was even more beautiful in person than on screen. She was very nervous when she, as Midge, had to drive the jeep and stop it just three feet away from Elvis, as Jodie laying on the ground.

They had to shoot that scene three times. During filming, Elvis helped Cynthia look for this lost kitten that she had been feeding. She Long that kitten and gave it a nice, long life. She reassured Elvis that his fans love him and his movies. Elvis finally recorded the vocals on October 10, back at the MGM sound stage.

The version during the credits No. The second version, the closing number in the movie, was written by Fred Wise and Randy Starr. It stayed on the charts for nine weeks peaking at Both versions are included on the soundtrack. Elvis had received the songs on September 16, that the musical director Fred Karger had chosen. I think, like the Colonel, there was too much Ann-Margret in it.

Not only did she sing with Elvis on more than one song, she had two SOLOS remember when she was making those sandwiches? I do like the soundtrack though. Elvis plays a race car driver who sings in a contest to win money to get his engine for his car for the big race. Viva Las Vegas was filmed from July 15th to September 11, For two weeks during filming Elvis stayed in the Presidential suite at the Sahara Hotel. Now Roustabout is my 9th favorite Elvis movie and is included in the rotation of 11 Elvis movies I watch all the time.

I have both the original release and the FTD sessions double LP, which is great to hear all the different takes and versions and of course Elvis talking. The screenplay was ultimately written by Allan Weis and Anthony Lawrence. Joe, the carnival foreman, is also interested in Cathy and he and Charlie fight for her. The writers put in the script where the songs go then according to the content the songwriters would write the songs.

Paul Nathan contacted the Beatles manager Brian Summerville to ask if the Beatles would be interested in working with Elvis in Roustabout.

The thought was Elvis and the Beatles would perform the closing number together. Unfortunately, the Beatles had an exclusive three movie deal with United Artists, so they could not be in Roustabout.

I can only imagine what that movie would have been like! The Colonel was actually a consultant on Roustabout as it was about a carnival, something he knew a lot about. Elvis wanted to try the fire eating, but when he lit one of the torches the fire startled him and he dropped it and yelled. Luckily he was not hurt. Miller said Elvis was one of the nicest, down to earth people.

She had never seen an Elvis movie, but had worked with Hal Wallis many times. She said Elvis was wonderful to work with and asked for nothing. His manners are impeccable, he is on time, he knows his lines. A pair of specially fitted blue jeans were created for Stanwyck by Edith Head.

There are two stories as to why West turned it down. One story is that she wanted to be the star of the movie with Elvis playing a small part opposite of her. They had to do their kissing scene over and over. Langdon had woken up with an allergy or something and lost her voice.

Director John Rich was upset that her voice was hoarse in that scene. Dabbs Greer plays the banker. He also played the minister on Little House on the Prairie. Pat Buttram plays Harry Carver, the owner of the competing Carnival.

They gave this part of Toby to Glen Wilder, a former football player training to be a stuntman. Elvis insisted on doing the stunt himself. Wilder was supposed to throw a punch and Elvis kicks him in the stomach. According to Sonny West, Wilder went into a flip instead of just dropping flat and as he went over his heel caught Elvis just by his eye. Now Wilder says Elvis fell on his heel as Wilder was rolling over. There was a lot of blood.

As they were taking Elvis to the doctor with a towel wrapped around his head, he saw Red and Sonny and the guys giving Wilder a hard time.

Wilder said after it was in the papers, he had girls throw drinks in his face because he hurt Elvis. She had an issue with her makeup though. She did not like the way production did her makeup, so she did her own and they did not like that. She said Elvis was a lot more talented that she had thought. He was a hard worker and paid attention. After working with him, she saw Elvis perform several times in Vegas.

Suzanne Covington was in the audience in the small tent scene. She had small parts in many Elvis films per his request. I know her first from the movie Mr. She said Barbara Stanwyck was lots of fun, and Elvis was very nice to all the dancers and would invite them up to his house for parties. She said Elvis was more comfortable with regular people, more than celebrities. Garr said the last time she saw Elvis was in Mobile, Alabama when he was there doing a concert and she was there filming Close Encounters of the Third Kind.

They were both staying at the same hotel. Horn said he and Elvis would jam. Lance plays a carnival barker. Johnny Meeks also played guitar for Gene Vincent and was roommates with Red West for a bit in Hollywood in the sixties. Roustabout featured one of the worlds shortest and tallest actors. Jim Dunsford, an extra during the dunk scene with dark hair wearing a blue sweater and red shirt and white tee, said Elvis was very approachable and would talk to everyone and sign autographs.

Diane Simpson Kerr, an extra who led the elephant around the carnival, said Elvis went through photos of her baby daughter looking at each of them asking questions and commenting on each one. They were paid to just walk around the carnival with their family and eat and enjoy the rides. The people who operated the rides were actual carnival workers. Most of the movie was filmed on location in Thousand Oaks, close to Sherwood Lake. There were three main areas within 10 minutes of each other and about 45 minutes from Hollywood.

The third location is the Albertson Ranch where the carnival was set up. Everyone on set was given an Elvis album and an Elvis bust.

There was a preview at the Studio Theatre on the Paramount lot on September 21,and Roustabout opened nationally on November 11, Elvis was ranked the sixth biggest money making movie star for She lost her lawsuit.

Inthe Irish film Eat the Peach shows an unemployed man watching Roustabout on video in his local pub inspiring him to spend time building a wall of death like the motorcycle scene. Strangely there were no singles released. This was the first movie since Kid Galahad that did not have a single released from it. Bennett, was considered for an Academy Award nomination for Best Song, but it was never actually nominated. It is the only Elvis song every to be considered for an Oscar nomination.

I love the Roustabout soundtrack. I met Mary Ann Mobley and got her autograph and told her my story and she imitated Elvis saying Deena like he did to her in the movie. She was so sweet! She was Miss Mississippi and Miss America I also met Chris Noel and got her autograph.

Shelley Fabares is definitely my favorite Elvis costar and another reason why Girl Happy is my favorite movie. Elvis plays Rusty Wells, who is a singer paid by his Chicago boss to go to Ft. Lauderdale on Spring Break to keep an eye on his daughter Valerie played by Shelley Fabares and not let any guys near her.

But of course instead Rusty falls in love with Valerie after first pursuing Deena. I know it so well it brings me comfort. I watch it repeatedly as I have the dvd and on Amazon prime to stream it — and have it downloaded on my tablet and phone. Pasternak slightly modeled Girl Happy after Where the Boys Areeven the movie posters are similar with their yellow background, blue print and college kids in the background.

It premiered April 7,less than two weeks before Easter. Both Shelley Fabares and Chris Noel just gushed about how great Elvis was to work with and what an amazing man he was. The Seadrift Motel, originally called the Driftwood Motel, is where half the movie takes place, but it is not a real hotel in Ft.

Lauderdale, Florida rather a set on the MGM lot. In fact, Elvis never went to Florida for the making of Girl Happy. Some of the beach scenes were even on the MGM lot, not on an actual beach. And some of the crowd beach scenes were lifted directly from Where the Boys Are. The first deleted scene was when the hotel manager was going over the rules with the girls when they first arrived. What was deleted was some dialogue between the girls and the hotel manager Mr.

The next deleted scene was really just a deleted line. The third deleted scene was actually a bit of a change to the ending of Girl Happy. But for whatever reason, they changed it to having Deena sit at another table and as Rusty walks up to her he sees Valerie at the next table and goes to her.

For some reason, sometimes the Lobby Card was changed a bit from the actual scene. The second one my favorite Lobby Card depicts the scene right after Rusty serenades Valerie when he sits down on the end of her lounge chair.

It has always bothered me his shirt was a different color. Why in this beach movie is Elvis always in long sleeve shirts and long pants, on the beach and even while he is water skiing?

He was not overweight, so I am not sure if it was his choice or the producers — no reason in any book was ever given. Another question, is this the only movie where Elvis is in drag? Benson in Girl Happy. Hawkins also costarred with Elvis and Shelley in Spinout. It has been written Elvis was made part of a three piece band because of the popularity of The Beatles whose movie Help had just been released.

The Girl Happy soundtrack was recorded Junebefore filming began so they could lip-sync during filming. Released in March a month before the movie opened, the soundtrack peaked at 8 on the Billboard Hot Chart and was certified Gold over 30 years later in There were two singles released from the Soundtrack.

I actually love this much criticized song. The version of the song in the movie was a combination of two different studio takes. Elvis stormed out of the studio and after these sessions were completed did not record again for eight months. After Girl HappyElvis never returned to the top ten again. Francine York had been an Elvis fan since Jailhouse Rock.

There were several close up scenes of her but were cut. One of them was the archery scene. She had learned to use a bow and arrow in high school, so she volunteered for that scene. There was a problem with the lights or something, so they had to keep shooting the scene over and over. She said Elvis had a girlfriend at the time who was not Priscilla and drove her huge cadillac onto the set and Elvis was mad that she had come to the studio. Francine said no one liked Joyclyn Lane as she walked around with her nose in the air.

No new songs were made for the soundtrack. I think I like Frankie and Johnny because as it is set at the turn of the century it is different from the rest of the movies Elvis was doing at the time.

And there is a lot of Jerry Schilling in it! The movie is loosely based on the song. Elvis plays a riverboat singer Johnny who is a gambler. This movie gets panned a lot, but I actually like it and find it refreshing. It is my eighth favorite Elvis Movie. Elvis plays a pilot who flies tourists around Hawaii. He is in business with his friend, but he keeps getting in trouble.

I talked with Suzanna at length at the Days Inn about 10 years ago or so. She signed her book for me and actually gave me her contact information as I was looking for a job so I could move to Memphis. She was a really nice lady. Julie Parish said it was a lot of fun doing the scene with all the dogs, my favorite scene. But although the dogs were trained, they were in that confined space for a long time because they had to do the scene over and over again.

She said Elvis played with them in between takes and talked and petted the dogs a lot, and the dogs really liked Elvis. Julie said Hal Wallis was a real letch, he was married and still hit on her asking her out as if she owed him for giving her the part.

Suzanna Leigh said the movie was just supposed to take 15 days to film, but they actually spent about 3 months there because elvis was dragging it out because he loved hawaii so much. Suzanna said Elvis had a problem with the little girl Donna Butterworth. Suzanna told about the time a fan after talking to Elvis and her for a while just dropped her coat while Elvis was giving her an autograph — she was completely naked underneath her coat.

She just stood there naked as Elvis finished his autograph. Suzanna and Elvis never had an affair, they were just friends, but they kissed for photographers just after filming ended. She said Elvis had a great knowledge of Shakespeare. As a joke, Suzanna had make up make her up as an old lady and she asked Elvis for an autograph.

She said they spent 16 hours a day filming and it months to complete so she and elvis became very close. Suzanna said Elvis said she was the sister he never had. A white stucco single story house of 15 rooms and a pool on two acres of land. Diane McBain also costars. I have her book, and she has a really interesting story. Elvis plays a singer with a traveling band and a race car drive. Three women are after him and want to marry him.

I used to get Spinout confused with Speedwaywhich I like even less. February of filming for Spinout began in California. Elvis made them go back during the night and climb the fence and go into the trailer to retrieve it. She actually learned to play the drums in real life. She was not an Elvis fan before meeting him. She said Elvis had such charisma and he made the room electric when he walked in and at the same time very down to earth and not full of himself.

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  1. Jan 12,  · Kissin Cousins soundtrack album was on Billboard‘s Top LP chart for 30 weeks, peaking at #6 selling around $, copies. I like the bonus songs (“Echoes of Love” and “Long Lonely Highway”) on the soundtrack more than the songs that were actually in the movie, except I do really love “Once is Enough!”.

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