Youll Never Walk Alone - Perry Como - Perry Como Live On Tour (Vinyl, LP, Album)

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Dating Tips. Register Login Language: English en. Register to contact people from your country living in Germany just like you! L'innovazione fu poi adottata anche nei Paesi neolatini come l'Italiaanche se non divenne comune prima del XII secolo. Si ritiene che l'inserimento di spazi tra le parole abbia favorito il passaggio dalla lettura semi-vocalizzata a quella silenziosa.

Prima dell'invenzione e della diffusione del torchio tipografico Youll Never Walk Alone - Perry Como - Perry Como Live On Tour (Vinyl, quasi tutti i libri venivano copiati a mano, il che li rendeva costosi e relativamente rari. I piccoli monasteri di solito possedevano al massimo qualche decina di libri, forse qualche centinaio quelli di medie dimensioni. Il processo della produzione di un libro era lungo e laborioso.

Infine, il libro veniva rilegato dal rilegatore. Esistono testi scritti in rosso o addirittura in oro, e diversi colori venivano utilizzati per le miniature. A volte la pergamena era tutta di colore viola e il testo vi era scritto in oro o argento per esempio, il Codex Argenteus.

Per tutto l'Alto Medioevo i libri furono copiati prevalentemente nei monasteri, uno alla volta. Il sistema venne gestito da corporazioni laiche di cartolaiche produssero sia materiale religioso che profano. Questi libri furono chiamati libri catenati. Vedi illustrazione a margine. L' ebraismo ha mantenuto in vita l'arte dello scriba fino ad oggi. Anche gli arabi produssero e rilegarono libri durante il periodo medievale islamicosviluppando tecniche avanzate di calligrafia arabaminiatura e legatoria.

Col metodo di controllo, solo "gli autori potevano autorizzare le copie, e questo veniva fatto in riunioni pubbliche, in cui il copista leggeva il testo ad alta voce in presenza dell'autore, LP quale poi LP certificava come precisa".

In xilografiaYoull Never Walk Alone - Perry Como - Perry Como Live On Tour (Vinyl a bassorilievo di una pagina intera veniva intagliata su tavolette di legno, inchiostrata e usata per stampare le copie di quella pagina. Questo metodo ebbe origine in Cinadurante la Dinastia Han prima del a. I monaci o altri che le scrivevano, venivano pagati profumatamente. I primi libri stampati, i singoli fogli e le immagini che furono creati prima del in Europa, sono noti come incunaboli.

Folio 14 recto del Vergilius romanus che contiene un ritratto dell'autore Virgilio. Da notare la libreria capsail leggio ed il testo scritto senza spazi in capitale rustica. Leggio con libri catenatiBiblioteca Malatestiana di Cesena. Incunabolo del XV secolo. Si noti la copertina lavorata, le borchie d'angolo e i morsetti. Insegnamenti scelti di saggi buddistiil primo libro stampato con caratteri metallici mobili, Le macchine da stampa a vapore diventarono popolari nel XIX secolo.

Queste macchine potevano stampare 1. Le macchine tipografiche monotipo e linotipo furono introdotte verso la fine del XIX secolo. Hartla prima biblioteca di versioni elettroniche liberamente riproducibili di libri stampati.

I libri a stampa sono prodotti stampando ciascuna imposizione tipografica su un foglio di carta. Le varie segnature vengono rilegate per ottenere il volume. L'apertura delle pagine, specialmente nelle edizioni in brossuraera di solito lasciata al lettore fino agli anni sessanta del XX secolomentre ora le segnature vengono rifilate direttamente dalla tipografia.

Nei libri antichi il formato dipende dal numero di piegature che il foglio subisce e, quindi, dal numero di carte e pagine stampate sul foglio. Le "carte di guardia", o risguardi, o sguardie, sono le carte di apertura e chiusura del libro vero e proprio, che collegano materialmente il corpo del libro alla coperta o legatura.

Non facendo parte delle segnaturenon sono mai contati come pagine. Si chiama "controguardia" la carta che viene incollata su ciascun "contropiatto" la parte interna del "piatto" della coperta, permettendone il definitivo ancoraggio.

Le sguardie sono solitamente di carta diversa da quella dell'interno del volume e possono essere bianche, colorate o decorate con motivi di fantasia nei libri antichi erano marmorizzate.

Il colophon o colofone, che chiude il volume, riporta le informazioni essenziali sullo stampatore e sul luogo e la data di stampa. In origine nei manoscritti era costituito dalla firma o subscriptio del copista o dello scriba, e riportava data, luogo e autore del LP in seguito fu la formula conclusiva dei libri stampati nel XV e XVI secolo, che conteneva, talvolta in inchiostro rosso, il nome dello stampatore, luogo e data di stampa e l' insegna dell'editore.

Sopravvive ancor oggi, soprattutto con la dicitura Finito di stampare. Nel libro antico poteva essere rivestita di svariati materiali: pergamena, cuoio, tela, carta e costituita in legno o cartone. Poteva essere decorata con impressioni a secco o dorature.

Ciascuno dei due cartoni che costituiscono la copertina viene chiamato piatto. Nel XIX secolo la coperta acquista una prevalente funzione promozionale. Ha caratterizzato a lungo l'editoria per l'infanzia e oggi, ricoperto da una "sovraccoperta", costituisce il tratto caratteristico delle edizioni maggiori. Le "alette" o "bandelle" comunemente dette "risvolti di copertina" sono le piegature interne della copertina o della sovraccoperta vedi infra.

Generalmente vengono utilizzate per una succinta introduzione al testo e per notizie biografiche essenziali sull'autore.

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Cherry Bomb

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Cherry Lane - Delivering Value. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Retrieved Categories : Types of fireworks Bombs. Hidden categories: CS1 errors: missing periodical Articles with short description Cherry Bomb description matches Wikidata Articles with limited geographic scope from April All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July Namespaces Article Talk.

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Box Assortments. Bag Assortments. Tray Assortments. Florals Cherry Bomb a one shot item that produces a large floral break and loud report. Rockets Rockets come in many sizes and effects, they all have a stick attached for stability and guidance.

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Waitin For You (Sfaction Version) - Benassi Bros. - Benassi Bros. Mp3 (CDr)

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Memory of Love feat. Paul French original version. Gimme Gimme Gimme. Run to Me feat. Dhany Sfaction version. Every single day feat. Dhany original version. Make Me Waitin For You (Sfaction Version) - Benassi Bros. - Benassi Bros. Mp3 (CDr). Feel Alive original version. Voyage Feat. Alizee sfaction club remix. All rights reserved. Waitin For You (Sfaction Version) - Benassi Bros.

- Benassi Bros. Mp3 (CDr) upload a file just follow these simple steps: Benefits of using Zippyshare: 1 Select a file to send by clicking the "Browse" button. We offer fast download speeds. The maximum filesize for a single file is MB.

The file can be downloaded at any time and as often as you need it. File Life: 30 days after no activity. No ridiculous queues! Monday 9 August Tuesday 10 August Wednesday 11 August Thursday 12 August Friday 13 August Saturday 14 August Sunday 15 August Monday 16 August Tuesday 17 August Wednesday 18 August Thursday 19 August Friday 20 August Saturday 21 August Sunday 22 August Monday 23 August Tuesday 24 August Wednesday 25 August Thursday 26 August Friday 27 August Saturday 28 August Sunday 29 August Monday 30 August Tuesday 31 August Wednesday 1 September Thursday 2 September Friday 3 September Saturday 4 September Sunday 5 Waitin For You (Sfaction Version) - Benassi Bros.

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Techno Satisfaction: Raw Submental Bass. Privilege: Ibiza Partygrooves: Only House. I Love My Sex. Floorfilla vs Pulsedriver. Deejay Parade Memory of love radio edit. Memory Of Love. Get better sfact reloaded mix. Waitin For You (Sfaction Version) - Benassi Bros. - Benassi Bros. Mp3 (CDr) les titres de Benassi Bros.

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Luz Del Alba - Triángulo de Amor Bizarro - Salve Discordia (Vinyl, LP, Album)

Y, bueno, en este caso fue totalmente premeditado. Pero yo creo que en los discos sobre todo nos identifican nuestros propios fallos, no los tics de otros artistas: que si nos pasamos de vuelta muchas veces, cosas de ese estilo. Rodrigo: LP. Rodrigo: Es que yo estuve intentando hacer bases hip hop rollo old schoolpero es muy complicado. Arufe, la gente de Banana Bahia Music, Es gente a Album) que admiramos, y obviamente apetece.

Gente como IlegalesCorcobadoEl ColumpioLo que pasa es que al Album) casi siempre termina saliendo lo comido por lo servido, sobre todo por los billetes. Rodrigo: Para nosotros es una prioridad, lo que pasa es que los gastos son brutales.

Rodrigo: Yo La Tengo por ejemplo. Interview: Noise Trail Immersion - While there was certainly no shortage of exceptional metalcore releases inone in particular possessed a level of ingenuity in its craft that deserve Calle Anorak Thing. Anecdotario del Rock. Ragged Glory. PowerPop Overdose. The Album) Band. IDM Discovery. What do you dig? Ver todo mi perfil. Nuestro siglo Fnord Euromaquia Luz del alba O salve Eris. Esto proporciona y mantiene los productos dentro de su carrito de compras.

Guarda preferencias de LP cuenta del usuario para mejorar el acceso a la extranet. Cookie que hace posible elegir la moneda que desea. Pues toda. Como nos conocemos tan bien, nos ahorramos las explicaciones y los cumplidos, y podemos Luz Del Alba - Triángulo de Amor Bizarro - Salve Discordia (Vinyl directamente a lo que hay que cambiar, por ejemplo. Estamos todos a una. Carlos es el mejor con el que he trabajado, tanto en estudio como en directo.

Pues que hay otros mundos. Es a lo que tendemos. En lo personal, nosotros decidimos pasar de la web al papel tras conocer en persona a Karren Ablaze, editora del fanzine de culto The City Is Ablaze!

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The plot of "Knightfall" begins [note 2] with the master criminal Bane freeing all of the maximum-security inmates of Arkham Asyluma notorious psychiatric facility in Gotham City. Aware that he would lose in a direct assault against Batman, Bane's plan consists of weakening Batman by forcing him to deal with the deadly villains simultaneously. Among the freed inmates, there are numerous high-profile villains, such as the Joker who trapped Arkham's administrator Jeremiah Arkhamthe Scarecrowthe Riddlerand Poison Ivyas well as many lesser-known villains, such as the Mad Hatterthe Ventriloquistthe Fireflythe Cavalierthe Film FreakMr.

ZsaszCornelius StirkAbattoirand Amygdala. The scenario creates a rift in the relationship between Robin and Batman, as Batman irrationally seeks to face the outbreak alone—in later issues, Robin asks Batman if he is even needed as his sidekick anymore. A later flashback to this time period Showcase '93 shows Batman pursuing Two-Face alone, being trapped and kidnapped to stand a mock trial ; he is saved only by a rescue attempt from Robin.

Over the next few issues, Batman becomes weaker and weaker as each criminal is put away. The rescue of Mayor Krol from the teaming of the Joker and Scarecrow pushes Batman to his mental and physical limits: a dose of Scarecrow's fear gas makes him relive the murder of Jason Toddwhich he considers to be his greatest failure. After this encounter, Bane's men assault Batman before he himself makes his move and attacks him at Wayne Manorhis home as his alter-ego—long before this time, Bane had deduced the secret identity of Batman.

The fight between Bruce Wayne and Bane is detailed in Batman By this time, the exhausted Batman was no match for Bane; Bane pummels him ruthlessly before breaking Wayne's back over his knee inside the Batcave below the manor, symbolically "breaking" Batman.

Quick action by Robin and Alfred spares Batman's life, but at great cost - he is left a paraplegic. With Batman incapacitated, Bane assumes control of Gotham City's underworld and takes over several illegal operations within it. After his defeat, Bruce Wayne enlists the aid of Dr. Shondra Kinsolving to rehabilitate him and asks Jean-Paul Valley to take up the mantle of Batman so that Gotham has a protector.

Tim Drake argues with Bruce to allow Dick Grayson the former Robin and then-current Nightwing to become Batman, as he is more experienced and mentally competent. Bruce replies that Grayson has his own responsibilities and would only take up the mantle of the Bat reluctantly Dick later expressed resentment at not being asked to stand in as Batman.

Bruce's rationale for this decision is revealed in later issues - secretly, he does not want Dick to have to face Bane, as he knows Dick's character will compel him to try. Indeed, Bruce gives Jean-Paul strict orders never to engage Bane in combat—and when Jean-Paul does face Bane, only his modified gloves save Jean-Paul from being thrown to his death.

Soon after, Kinsolving and Tim's father Jack Drake are kidnapped and Bruce and Alfred leave the country to find them - their story is continued in "Knightquest: The Search", while the happenings in Gotham are recorded in "Knightquest: The Crusade". Jean-Paul is shown to be a different, but not dangerous, Batman until an encounter with the Scarecrow, which results in Jean-Paul being infected by Scarecrow's fear gas and "The System"—his programming as Azrael—taking over, in order to combat Jean-Paul's fear.

Following this, Jean-Paul is unable to shake the influence of the System, giving in to it completely after his first defeat at Bane's hands and being increasingly influenced by it during the rest of his tenure as Batman. Gradually, Jean-Paul alienates Robin with his paranoia and arrogance. In BatmanJean-Paul, in his new mechanical Batsuit which is an amalgam of Azrael's costume and the Batman'sconfronts Bane in an arduous battle and prevails, although many bystanders are put at risk.

Jean-Paul leaves Bane broken mentally and physically, though he struggles with the choice of whether to simply kill Bane or hand him over to the police. He decides that he will let Bane go to Blackgate Prison. Jean-Paul continues to watch over Gotham after the fight, but grows increasingly unstable. Instead of a crossover with a definite ending, the publishers treated the scenario as though it were the new status quo, leaving it open-ended. He becomes increasingly violent and mentally unbalanced.

During this time, he drives Robin away because he believes Gotham to be so tough that only violence could answer its criminals. In several issues, Robin is left horrified as Jean-Paul ferociously attacks common criminals, often with a weapon and sometimes nearly to death.

This surge of violence from Gotham's defender puts pressure on Batman's relationship with Police Commissioner Gordon, who begins to distrust and even fear the new Batman and eventually comes to realize he is not the same man he has known. All of Jean-Paul's actions are compelled by "the System"; on numerous occasions, he experiences the ghosts of his father and the patriarch Saint Dumas giving him guidance and he is driven to near-insanity by the time the saga ends.

He repeatedly redesigns his Batman costume, adding more gadgets and lethal weapons, including metal claws, a laser, razor-sharp batarangs and a flamethrower. Eventually, he also adds a Bat-symbol, matching the one used for the series' logo. Valley becomes compelled by a desire to be a better Batman than Bruce Wayne, especially when he discovers his lack of interest in detective work caused him to make false assumptions about Catwoman he thought that she would sell a powerful nerve gas to terroristswhen she merely wanted to dispose of it so that it Dark Angel (3) - Time Does Not Heal (CD not be used to hurt anyone.

His questionable behavior climaxes when he encounters the serial killer Abattoirwho is keeping an innocent prisoner in a secret torture chamber : Jean-Paul purposely lets Abattoir die, thereby condemning the prisoner to death as well.

Other villains Jean-Paul faces include Mr. Their investigation leads them to the Caribbean and then Great Britain. Kinsolving's brother-by-adoption Benedict Asp kidnapped her to use her special powers to kill people at a distance.

Asp demonstrates this new form of mass murder on a small English village. When Bruce Wayne finds Kinsolving, he finds himself caught in the middle of a telekinetic tug-of-war between Asp and Kinsolving. The battle climaxes with her refocusing her energy to defeat Asp; as a side effect of the energy, Bruce's broken spine becomes healed. However, the drugs forced onto her by Asp, combined with the effects of the fight with Asp, reduce her mind to that of a child as Shondra's traumatised mind regresses to the past to escape her unhappy present, and Wayne reluctantly puts her into a mental institution.

Bruce eventually leaves England to return home to a civilian life in Gotham, but Alfred remains in England, not wanting to see Bruce Wayne damage his body further. He does not return to Gotham until a while later, when Dick Grayson persuades him to do so in later issues. Jean-Paul Valley sees visions of his dead father, who had programmed him at birth to be a deadly weapon. Basic features.

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Calculate the price of your order Type of paper needed:. Pages: words. You will get a personal manager and a discount. Academic level:. We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, at AM. Total price:. Who is Lana Del Rey? Few new artists of the s emerged so fully formed, with a voice and image beyond their years.

To her devoted fans, she inspires near-religious fervorlike a millennial Stevie Nicks with the aura of Princess Diana. The song set off one of the most controversial debut years of any artist in recent memory.

Born to Dieher major-label debut, arrived with impossibly high levels of both hype and trepidationto decidedly mixed initial reactions. And then, with her sophomore LP Ultraviolenceshe burned it all down, trading the hip-hop beats for fiery psych-rock guitars, on songs where she had no interest in coming off as sympathetic.

March's Chemtrails Over the Country Club was the opposite of radical, but served a crucial purpose in reconnecting Del Rey with her roots as a singer-songwriter in the American tradition. Her most creatively unburdened album, Chemtrails felt instantly timeless -- cementing her place in the modern canon alongside her Laurel Canyon idols, the likes of Joan Baez and Joni Mitchell.

Born to Die has stayed on the Billboard albums chart for almost a full decadethe second-longest charting album by a female solo artist in history. Here, Billboard tries to examine every facet of her identity with equal consideration -- the pop star, singer-songwriter, visual artist, icon.

This list includes every commercially available Lana Del Rey song, excluding remixes, YouTube uploads, unreleased tracks, and several Great Gatsby soundtrack cuts that merely sample her voice. That leaves us with fascinating songs, almost all of which are good, and at least 50 of which are absolutely exceptional. See our ranking of all of them below. A portrait of two unfulfilled artists trapped in an equally dead-end relationship.

Lana Del Rey, We Fall ByLana was regularly exploring far more nuanced artistic territory. The lowest moments on Paradise felt like a retread of Born to Diewith the same musical elements shuffled around. Lana describes her jealousy while dating a musician, feeling like a secondary concern to his art. The production is business as usual -- piano, trap drums -- as is the Rich Lee-directed video, even with its admittedly beautiful digital shots of the L.

This bouncy, much-hyped Max Martin-produced single allows all three of its stars to be themselves -- yet they never meet in the middle. Lana Del Rey, non-album single, Lana Del Rey, Blue Madonna The two have real vocal chemistry, but the music feels too off-kilter to be the anthemic pop single it wants to be.

Each chorus brings an unnecessary key change, each more disorienting than the last. Big Eyes was inspired by the life of the artist Margaret Keane, whose signature paintings of big-eyed children became an American phenomenon, all while her husband spent years taking credit for her work. A tender, minor-key ballad about finding true love after some troubled times. Lana would distance herself from such overt displays of patriotism just a few years later.

Honeymoon is an excellent album, but starting with "Art Deco" at track seven, it can get too laid-back for its own good. Unlike the studio version, her live Tonight Show performance features backing vocalists, and simply feels fuller and more alive. She is the girl in my music, and I am the guy in her music. The song finds Lana going through the five stages of grief, as she attempts to process a breakup.

Lana Del Rey, Wanderer Rain discovers them the next morning, she frantically calls local shelters looking for a safe place for Precious and Abdul to live in, but they end up staying with Ms. Rain and her live-in girlfriend. The next morning, Ms. Rain takes her and Abdul to find assistance for them; Precious will be able to continue her schooling while raising Abdul in a halfway house. Precious later learns that she is HIV-positivethough Abdul is not.

Feeling dejected, she steals her case file from Ms. Weiss's office. As she shares the details of her file with her fellow students, she begins to hope for the future. Later, Precious meets with her mother, who brings Mongo to Ms. Weiss' office. Weiss confronts Mary about her and Carl's abuse of Precious, going back to when Precious was a toddler. Mary tearfully confesses that she always hated Precious for "stealing her man" by "letting him" abuse her, and for eventually "making him leave".

Precious tells Mary that she finally sees her for who she really is and severs ties with her, leaving with both Mongo and Abdul. Mary begs Ms. Weiss to retrieve her daughter and grandchildren, but Ms.

Weiss silently rejects her and walks away, leaving a distraught Mary alone. Planning to complete a GED test to receive a high-school diploma equivalency, Precious walks out into the city with her children, ready to start a new life with a brighter future. Daniels had said that he was attracted to the initial novel based on how "raw and honest" it felt. Daniels recalls that the incident was the first time he saw his mother frightened, specifically noting the helplessness of the situation, and stating "she knew that she'd have to send this little girl home, and that was what disturbed her — that she couldn't save her.

She tried to make it easier for her. That's all she could do. And maybe I could heal other people, too. Initially, Daniels did not expect the movie to generate much buzz, expecting the movie to go straight to videostating "That it made it to the big screen says there was an angel looking after me.

Despite the dark subject matter, Sidibe has stated that the mood on the set was lighthearted, that "Every day was a party" and that the cast would frequently sing and tell jokes to "lighten the atmosphere. Blige's "I Can See in Color" song will be released as a single from the soundtrack.

Composer Robin Thickethen married to the film's costar Paula Patton, wrote and produced "Push", the film's original main theme music. People Magazine Daily noted that the film "mainly had a music supervised soundtrack, but not much of a score, so there were popular songs placed in the movie.

Winfrey used her status as both a celebrity and a media personality to give the film what was described by Ben Child of The Guardianas a "high-profile promotional push. Precious was given a limited-theatrical release on November 6,and was originally scheduled to appear on screens only in North America. After riding that three-week wave of success, Precious began to see a decrease in box office earnings.

Brandon Grey of Box Office Mojo described Precious as having had a "robust expansion" in its second week of release, and he confirmed that the film holds the record for having the second-highest grossing weekend for a movie playing at fewer than sites, behind only Paranormal Activity.

Precious received favorable reviews from film critics, particularly for Sidibe's and Mo'Nique's performances. The site's consensus is that " Precious is a grim yet ultimately triumphant film about abuse and inner-city life, largely bolstered by exceptional performances from its cast.

John Anderson of Variety said "to simply call it harrowing or unsparing doesn't quite cut it," having felt that the film is "courageous Album) uncompromising, a shaken cocktail of debasement and elation, despair and hope. Blu Rain as "disarming. According to Dr. Franken SteinSoul's soul is "careless and arrogant" as a reflection of his attempt to be "cool" and "above it all". He has a unique love for eating souls that seems to not be shared by many of the other Weaponsdrooling quite frequently when his next meal is nearby.

He also seems to be a glutton towards food in general. He can sometimes become too driven by the thought of eating souls, which leads him to bicker with Maka or become impatient with her; but despite their squabbles, they are always able to maintain a solid friend-partner relationship. He is slightly immature by being headstrong, stubborn, apathetic to most things, and argumentative. Soul also has a strong weakness towards overdeveloped women, as he bursts into a nosebleed without fail every time he sees Blair naked, contradicting his so-called "cool" way of dealing with things.

He is also a slacker who likes to find easier ways out of situations, shown when he attempts to cheat in a DWMA exam, after which he ends up stripped of all of his clothes except his boxers, and is sent back to his seat to finish his test. However, one thing he has gained from all the years of being 'cool' is that he is possibly one of the most loyal people one could possibly meet.

He firmly believes that breaking promises and changing sides 'isn't cool at all'. Deep down, he is always looking out for his friends, and is even willing to sacrifice himself in order to protect his partner, Maka, showing his bravery and dedication. Despite his usual unenthusiastic appearance, he proves to be actually quite determined, and he also helps people get back on their feet when they are at a loss.

He is also quick-thinking and cunning, being able to figure out a plan or a strategy rather quickly. After the rise of the Kishin Asurahowever, Soul's personality greatly matures, and his stubborn and headstrong demeanor is replaced by a more cool-headed and serious one.

He remains remarkably calm and composed no matter how dire the situation is and has impressively deep insight on various situations and people. He is often seen noticing important points no one else had thought of. This goes hand-in-hand with his acute sense and judgment, which is well-respected by his peers.

He begins to show more awareness and understanding towards people, up until the point that he even lectures some of the other characters when they are too stubborn to see some situations clearly. Still, he sometimes thinks it's best to leave people to figure things out on their own. He does not waste his words and is often blunt and sometimes short with people, but what he says is mostly to the point.

He is also not as trusting as others, showing immediate hostility to anyone who he considers as suspicious, and his deductions are mostly correct. Once he considers someone as an enemy, he sticks to this opinion until it is proven wrong. Since he is infected by the Black Bloodhe runs the risk of being overcome by Madness. Because of Soul's constant grapple with the Black Blood and Little Demon inside his soul, he has a good degree of self-control, and he rarely gives in to his emotions.

He has demonstrated extremely strong willpower, being able to hold onto both his and Maka's sanity whilst using the Black Blood against Crona. He still has a compassionate side, proving to be a good, loyal friend to others, and is still willing to do anything he can to protect Maka. He always tends to think things through before doing certain actions. Although this makes him more aware of things that some people cannot see, it sometimes hinders him as he often ends up doubting and hesitating at crucial moments, thereby making him become very indecisive Album) a decision has to be made quickly.

Little Demon once mocked him, saying that the path he follows is only one that he has come across through process of elimination, thus he has no true conviction of his own, and is always running away. A flashback has shown him being even more indifferent about what he wants to do, but Soul states that things are different now, and that he has a conviction to become stronger for Maka.

Her actions sometimes inspire him to follow his own heart, which results in him acting rather like Maka, putting himself in certain situations in a way that may seem reckless, but still courageous, such as when he decides to fight Girikoshowing that he has changed a lot over time.

However, he seems to suffer from low self esteem and is not that confident in himself. He is saddened of his inferiority to Autonomous weapons like Justin and Giriko and cringes at the thought of his brother, Wes, who is a superior musician. He also conflicts frequently with the Little Demon in his soul. He keeps most of these problems to himself, and seems reluctant to share his problems with others, which sometimes makes him appear harsh and almost cold.

He is mostly seen frowning or scowling. He is rather pessimistic, and is slightly aloof and detached from others, and he admits that he shares Crona's fear of bonding with people.

He seems to dislike being popular, especially for rather shallow reasons, like his status as a Death Scythe, shown by his negative reaction to the many love letters and requests to become his partner that he receives.

At the DWMA anniversary party, he is seen outside on the balcony by himself rather than with the others, and does not tell Maka of his Black Blood infection and his dreams of Little Demon, although this is mainly because he does not want to worry her.

He still has a kindhearted side, although he shows this side mostly to Maka. In the first Chapter of Lust in The Book of EibonSoul is transformed into a girl with the characteristics of what entices him the most in the opposite gender. In this form, he noticeably has disgust towards men who are enticed by vulgar women, strongly resembling Maka's very same view.

His personality returns to normal after leaving the first Chapter. He quickly reverts to his true male appearance alongside Maka, which means he does not possess many lustful thoughts which is ironic because of his constant nosebleeds upon seeing Blair's naked body. Having come from a family of musicians, Soul also has a great talent for playing the piano.

Maka reveals that when they first met, he performed a dark song for her. He still retains a deep love for music, however, and seems to show enthusiasm in regards to it. Memories of his past still affect him emotionally, so much so that he prefers to forget them entirely. Nevertheless, having grown up in a rather upper-class household he retains many mannerly skills, such as ballroom dancing.

Soul's maturity as the series goes on begins to show more and more as he manages to help Maka when she is in emotional distress. Whenever Maka is in self-doubt or unsure what to do, his words often can help her make up her mind or cheer her up.

When she is unsure of whether to help DWMA fight against Arachne or help Crona and Marie defeat Medusa to save SteinSoul encourages her to follow her heart and do what she believes is the right thing.

In the last scene of the manga, Soul's compliments and thanks to her also cheer her up from her depression caused by the loss of Crona and inspire her to show the world their courage and to see Crona again. Soul has white hair swept to one side and red eyes.

He is known for his heavily exaggerated facial expressions and pointed teeth. He naturally has a lazy, droopy, and somewhat uninterested expression on his face. His soul is light blue with the top resembling his hair and is also the Soul Eater series logo. This logo can be seen on the back of his first jacket and the bandanas he makes for himself and members of Spartoi during their mission to the Moon.

Soul seems not to have a DWMA uniform, although he is first seen wearing a gakuran. Outside of class, Soul often wears blue jeans, red shoes, and a bright orange shirt, with long sleeves going to his elbows, with the words "PIANOMAN" written in red in the middle. In his first appearance in Soul EaterSoul wears a yellow and black jacket with buttons going down the front. Around his head is a prominent sweatband that has a sticker with his name on it and a circular logo featuring a red-lipped mouth bearing pointed fangs surrounded with the letters 'E-A-T.

When stripped of his clothes during the Ultimate Written Examit is revealed that Soul wears blue boxers with pictures of bones all over them boxers also worn by Shotaro in Ohkubo's previous manga, B. After his battle against Cronawhen Ragnarok slices across his chest, and after surgery by Franken SteinSoul gains a large scar Dark Angel (3) - Time Does Not Heal (CD diagonally down his torso from the left shoulder to the right waist. This scar can be seen not only when he is without his shirt but even under certain shirts and jackets.

After this attack by Crona, Soul is infected with the Black Blood, which manifests in the form of the Little Ogre in the Black Room of his spiritual dimension. Here, Soul wears a pin-striped black suit with a red dress shirt, black tie, and matching black shoes.

He does not wear a hairband in this outfit. After the resurrection of Asura and his escape from Death CitySoul begins to wear a new outfit: a hairband, a black apparently leather jacket, a pair of light brown pants, [11] Soul Eater Manga : Chapter He appears in this same attire when in his spiritual dimension when wielded by Maka against Mosquito. This is in contrast to his fellow weapons, who are naked in their dimensions. In his Spartoi uniform, Soul has kept to his fondness of wearing a jacket.

This time, it is a custom, white possibly military jacket, with the Spartoi logo on the left shoulder with a small clip strapped to the collar for closing. Underneath the jacket, he wears a tucked-in, closed, white dress shirt with a tie. He is normally seen without the jacket on. He wears blue pants, a white belt, and white shoes. Upon entering the first Chapter of Lust in the Book of Eibonalongside Maka and other members of Spartoi, his appearance greatly changed in that his gender was switched to female for the remainder of the chapter.

In this form, he has long hair with a fluffy hairband visible beneath. The clothes are similar to the female Spartoi outfit, with the sailor suit collar, but with the difference that it is more like a dress. He wears a blouse with puffed up sleeves with some subtle flower petal patterns on the hem. The signature tie of the Spartoi uniform has been tied up to be in a bow-shape.

He wears a silky skirt that goes down to his knees and white shoes. After reaching the Envy Chapter, he turns straight back to his normal gender. In the keyboard form, he can propagate madness to others via sound and amplify a Meister's soul perception.

Offensively, he can the impact of sound waves generate from his keyboard as a attack. Such proficiency impressed the likes of Stein, who claimed to be surprised he could generate that much sound alone.

This technique is powerful enough to destroy concrete. While battling, he turned his arm into a scythe blade to combat Giriko. While under it effects, he is immune to Arachne's Madness [25] and can hold Asura's Madness of Fear at bay for a limited amount of time. While a formidable Demon Weapon and not entirely lacking of martial arts skill, Soul himself isn't gifted in fighting alone and as such, heavily relies on Maka Albarn to do more of the physical portion of their battles. Soul is, apparently, aware of this limitation of his and has shown to be somewhat envious towards other, competent autonomous weapons such as the likes of Justin Law and Girikowondering how come he's unable to be as skilled as them despite being Demon Weapon like them.

Also at this time, he performed a concert at Yngling Castlewhich was remembered by a member of that family, Anastasia Yngling. One day, he was approached by Maka Albarnand the two decided to become partners. Just before they agreed though, Soul played for her a song on the piano, stating that this was 'the kind of person he is.

While Tsugumi and Maka had a happy conversation, Anya stared at Maka's weapon partner, Soul Eater—and simultaneously she and Soul recognized each other. Soul took Anya by the wrist and led her down the hall. Anya realized Soul was the young pianist who once performed at her family's caste.

Soul urged her to be quiet, as he had renounced his previously affluent lifestyle and wanted to blend in with people in Death City. To Soul's annoyance, Anya then mocked Soul's garish outfit, which he taken to wear at some point. In the following morning, Soul ends up waking up with Blair on top of him, much to his shock.

He is consequently kicked out of the window by an enraged Maka. Later at the the DWMA, Soul tells her of the rumors that their homeroom teacher, Sidhas been missing and rumors have gone around that he might be a zombie attacking students.

Maka is frightened by Soul's retelling of the stories but tries to write them off as meaningless rumors. They find out that Spirit, much to Maka's dismay, is acting as a supply teacher in Sid's stead. Soul is disgruntled by this as he thinks that he is too cool for extra lessons. However, he accepts since all of them will be expelled if they do not complete it. Because of their joint lesson, the four go to Hook Cemetery to hunt the zombie and learn who made it.

However they encounter the now undead Sid and a battle soon ensues between the students and teacher. Maka and Soul soon argue as to whose fault it is. Ultimately, the four are able to narrowly capture Sid. However, Sid does not react to Maka, and Soul, disgusted by his action, begs Maka to kill him. The four then proceed to Stein's lab to encounter and deal with the source of the problem.

After a rather bemusing introduction with the eccentric professor, it is concluded that the only way to resolve the issue is to defeat Stein.

It is only when the fight begins that Stein reveals just why he had earned his reputation as a strong fighter, by easily taking on the team single-handed. Maka rightfully begins to fear Stein and this is only furthered when she uses her Soul Perception for the first time and observes his far stronger soul.

She is frozen by her fear but Soul encourages her to face him, stating that what Maka had seen was Stein's soul, not the future.

They attack again and successfully use the Witch-Hunt. Unfortunately Stein is still able to overpower the attack, leaving Maka barely conscious on the ground. As Stein proceeds to grab her, Soul suddenly transforms back into his human form and crouches over Maka, telling Stein that he will not let him touch his Meister.

Impressed by his bravery, Stein gives him a pass grade, and Soul then learns to his annoyance that the whole battle had been a set-up and part of the extra lesson. The next day, Stein becomes the homeroom teacher for Maka and Soul's class. Kid, however, is three hours late, as he had spent the entire time making certain that everything had been perfectly symmetrical in his mansion before his departure. The fight soon Album) the attention of the students inside the school, which leads to Maka, Tsubaki and Stein having to go outside to deal with it.

Angered by their failed attempts, the two decide to break up as partners. However, they still emotionally declare themselves as each other's friends and hug each other. While they are hugging, Kid shoots them both in the head. As the two get back up, they decide to renew their attacks on Kid by fighting separately.

Kid responds to this barrage by performing a Soul Resonance with Liz and Patti. Kid, surprisingly, loses consciousness too for seemingly unknown reasons. A battered Soul is approached by Maka, who gently scolds him for picking pointless fights, saying that Soul had told her so before.

Soul laughs and admits that he was not cool back then and the two reconcile. Soul and Maka go to Italy to find an Evil human soul. The two have a brief conversation, but Maka suddenly detects an unusual soul within a nearby church and decides to investigate, believing it to be another Meister and Weapon.

Soul drives them to the church on his motorcycle. She senses the souls of the Materazzi gang, but is startled as the Meister and Weapon seemingly devours them all as she no longer senses them. The two enter the church. The two do encounter a Meister and Weapon, Crona and Ragnarok. Maka and Soul put up a good fight against the two but are overpowered due to the abilities of Crona's Black Blood. Maka realizes that Soul can be injured, even in Weapon form, when fighting, and worries about him. However, Soul replies that he is willing to die for her, and refuses to back down.

However, they end up cornered, and Soul bravely defends Maka with his body, causing a large wound on his chest. He subsequently falls to the ground, although he regains enough consciousness to urge Maka to escape. Just when all seems lost, Stein and Spirit appear to rescue the two. Stein briefly tends to Soul, before fighting Crona and Ragnarok.

Soul is unconscious throughout the battle, with Maka by his side. Eventually, Stein and Spirit are successful in defeating Crona and Ragnarok, but the sudden appearance of the Witch Medusaallows the two to escape. After performing an operation on him to heal him, Stein is worried about the weapon's condition. Soul has a horrible dream that depicts him flowing endlessly through a dark void while experiencing pain. Through this void, he then sees a light and attempts to reach for it, apparently hearing Maka's voice calling for him.

When he reaches it, though, he finds himself tearing out of Maka's torso. He immediately wakes up screaming, and is comforted by Maka. Later, after he had calmed down, Maka asks if she can do anything for Soul; Soul replies with a no. Maka is noticeably saddened by this. Soul tries to cheer her up by saying that it is his fault that he is Dark Angel (3) - Time Does Not Heal (CD this condition.

This only saddens her more as she makes her leave. Soul berates himself for making her upset. Soul is in the dispensary being checked up by Medusa the Witch, who has disguised herself as a nurse. When Medusa asks how he is feeling, Soul tells her of his past dreams which involves him being in a dark roomlistening to jazz music and conversing with an ogre and, every time he tries to leave and follow a bright light in the darkness, he finds himself coming out of Maka's abdomen and killing her.

Medusa states that he is fine and that having the same dream is normal, whilst inwardly expressing a deep sinister interest in Soul's Black Blood.

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Angkor Wat

Dedicated to Shiva, it was built at the end of the 9th century, during the reign of King Yasovarman The Baphuon is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia.

It is located in Angkor Thom, northwest of the Bayon. Built in the midth century, it is a three-tiered temple mountain built as the state temple of Uday Located in the area of Angkor, it lies near the hill of Phnom Dei, 25 km north-east of the main group It is located northeast of Angkor Thom and just west of the Jayatataka baray, with wh Sang raja mendirikan ibu kota dan candi kenegaraan baru beberapa kilometer di sebelah utara Angkor Wat, yakni kota Angkor Thom dan candi Bayonyang ia baktikan untuk kepentingan agama Buddha, karena merasa sudah dikecewakan dewa-dewi Hindu.

Angkor Wat juga sedikit demi sedikit diubah menjadi sebuah situs agama Buddha, dan banyak ukiran bertema Hindu diganti dengan karya seni agama Buddha. Menjelang akhir abad ke, sedikit demi sedikit Angkor Wat diubah dari sebuah pusat peribadatan agama Hindu menjadi pusat peribadatan agama Buddha.

Fungsi baru ini bertahan sampai sekarang. Padri Portugis yang berkunjung pada tahun ini mengungkapkan bahwa Angkor Wat "sungguh bangunan yang luar biasa sampai-sampai mustahil digambarkan lewat tulisan, terutama karena tidak ada satu pun bangunan lain di dunia ini yang menyerupainya.

Bangunan ini dilengkapi menara-menara, hiasan-hiasan, dan segala macam keindahan yang dapat dibayangkan manusia. Pada tahunAngkor Wat secara efektif ditemukan Henri Mouhotnaturalis sekaligus penjelajah berkebangsaan Prancis yang memopulerkan situs ini di Dunia Barat lewat penerbitan catatan perjalanannya.

Ia mengungkapkan di dalam catatannya sebagai berikut:. Salah satu di antara kuil-kuil tersebut setanding dengan Haikal Sulaiman dan seakan-akan dibangun oleh seorang Michelangelo purba, sehingga layaklah kiranya disejajarkan gedung-gedung kita yang paling indah. Kuil ini lebih megah daripada segala peninggalan Yunani maupun Romawidan sayangnya kontras sekali dengan peri kehidupan barbar yang kini menjerat bangsa ini.

Tidak ada bekas-bekas tempat tinggal biasa, rumah-rumah, maupun jejak-jejak permukiman, termasuk perabot masak, senjata, atau barang-barang sandang yang lazim ditemukan di Angkor Wat kuno.

Yang ada hanya monumen-monumen. Warisan artistik Angkor Wat dan monumen-monumen Khmer lainnya di daerah Angkor Wat mendorong Prancis menjadikan Kamboja sebagai salah satu negara protektoratnya pada tanggal 11 Agustusdan menginvasi Siam agar dapat sepenuhnya menguasai reruntuhan monumen-monumen tersebut.

Langkah Prancis ini memampukan negara Kamboja untuk mendaulat kembali daerah-daerah di ujung barat laut wilayahnya yang dijajah bangsa Siam sejak tahun Masehi menurut Manich Jumsai atau sejak tahun Masehi menurut sumber-sumber lain. Pada abad ke, Angkor Wat menjalani pemugaran besar-besaran. Angkor Wat memikat perhatian dan imajinasi sejumlah besar orang Eropa ketika paviliun Kamboja Protektorat Prancissebagai bagian dari Indocina Prancismemamerkan replika Angkor Wat seukuran aslinya di ajang Pameran Kolonial Paris pada tahun Kamboja beroleh kemerdekaan dari Prancis pada tanggal 9 Novemberdan sejak saat itu meguasai Angkor Wat.

Boleh dikata sejak zaman kolonial sampai dinominasikan sebagai Warisan Dunia UNESCO pada tahunAngkor Wat sudah menjadi unsur penting dalam pembentukan konsep modern warisan-budaya-terbangun yang lama-kelamaan mengglobal.

Kegiatan pemugaran sempat macet akibat meletusnya Perang Saudara Kamboja dan berkuasanya rezim Khmer Merah pada era an dan an, tetapi kerusakan yang timbul pada kurun waktu tersebut relatif sedikit. Pasukan-pasukan Khmer Merah yang berkemah di situs Angkor Wat mengambil segala macam kayu yang tertinggal di bangunan tersebut untuk dijadikan kayu bakar, dan tembak-menembak di antara pasukan Khmer Merah dan pasukan Vietnam mengakibatkan cacatnya sebuah relief akibat terhujam peluru nyasar.

Kerusakan yang lebih besar justru timbul seusai perang, akibat ulah para pencuri benda seni yang berpangkalan di Muangthai. Pada akhir dasawarsa an dan awal dasawarsa an, para pencuri tersebut menggasak hampir semua kepala arca yang dapat diangkut keluar dari situs Angkor Wat, termasuk kepala-kepala arca hasil rekonstruksi.

Candi ini adalah salah satu lambang penting negara Kamboja, dan merupakan sumber utama kebanggaan nasional yang menjadi unsur penting di dalam hubungan diplomatik Kamboja dengan Prancis, Amerika Serikat, dan Muangthai.

Angkor Wat Angkor Wat sudah menjadi bagian dari berbagai versi bendera Kambojamulai dari versi pertama yang diperkenalkan sekitar tahun Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas. Daftar isi. Muka bangunan Angkor Wat, digambar Henri Mouhot sekitar tahun Sketsa Angkor Wat, digambar Louis Delaporte sekitar tahun Indeed, unlike many historical sites, Angkor Wat was never truly abandoned. Rather, it fell gradually into disuse and disrepair. Nonetheless, it remained an architectural marvel Angkor Wat anything else.

Its five towers are intended to recreate the five peaks of Mount Meru, while the walls and moat below honor the surrounding mountain ranges and the sea. As a result, Angkor Wat was constructed with blocks of sandstone.

A foot high wall, surrounded by a wide moat, protected the city, the temple and residents from invasion, and much of that fortification is still standing. A sandstone causeway served as the main access point for the temple. Inside these walls, Angkor Wat stretches across more than acres. Hence, only portions of the temple and city wall remain.

Even so, the temple is still a majestic structure: At its highest point—the tower above the main shrine—it reaches nearly 70 feet into the air. The temple walls are decorated with thousands of bas-reliefs representing important deities and figures in the Hindu and Buddhist religions as well as key events in its narrative tradition. There is also a bas-relief depicting Emperor Suryavarman II entering the city, perhaps for the first time following its construction.

Unfortunately, although Angkor Wat remained in use until fairly recently—into the s—the site has sustained significant damage, from forest overgrowth to earthquakes to war. The French, who ruled what is now known as Cambodia for much of the 20th century, established a commission to restore the site for tourism purposes in the early s. This group also oversaw ongoing archeological projects there.

By then, Cambodia was a country transitioning from Angkor Wat rule to a limited form of constitutional monarchy. When Cambodia fell into a brutal civil war in the s, Angkor Wat, somewhat miraculously, sustained relatively minimal damage.

Cambodia limits Festival of the Dead as Covid numbers spike September 28, Cambodia urged to announce tourism sector reopening date soon September 28, Cambodia is now better vaccinated than many US states September 28, September 28, Stay Connected. The Diplomat - September 28, 0.

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The Girls - Various - Now Thats What I Call Music! 67 (CD)

I am familiar with almost the complete song list. You made my day more enjoyable just reading the song titles. I'm trying to find a song that my grandparents used to sing to us as children. The only lyrics I know are Going out with a memory of you.

I'll get a drink, make it two. Any help finding this would be greatly appreciated. That was my husband's and my song that was Our The Girls - Various - Now Thats What I Call Music! 67 (CD) and I can't find it on any list. We were in college from to Who Sang?

Can anyone tell me how to get the lyrics and music for an old song? The song begins with something like: "At 17 he falls in love with a girl with eyes of tender blue I'm looking for the name of a song that my dad used to sing The chorus went.

The words go something like this: "I carelessly watched the hours slip by, thought they were endless like stars in the sky. I Just wonder she is exist. I don't know her name exactly. I only know her name pronunciation. Her name is Killery.

She was killed by a gun. I know the words and the music to the song my dad used to sing it and a lot of other similar type he was a tenor but I do not know who used to sing it or the title. I don't know ifit is from the 20's or 30's. I'll build a blue room, a just right for 2 room, where The Girls - Various - Now Thats What I Call Music! 67 (CD) a holiday, because I'm married to you This old song my Dad would sing to me.

I'd build u soda fountains, I'd build u ice cream mountains Hi I am trying to find the song arm in arm together by Bob and Alf Pearson.

A client of mine who I look after is desperate to find a copy of this song. Did anyone on her actually find it at all? If so could you please let me know where. Many Thanks. I am trying to find a song my granddad used to sing but the only line I remember is I wonder what it feels like to be poor in the lyrics, not even sure which decade it is from. Looking for its party time again think it was from s may be a british song.

Can anyone help. This site lists hits, it has no lyrics. That song was not a hit anywhere as far as we know. We have no lyrics here, just listing of hits. Lyrics: The lady in red, the fellas to crazy to the lady in red, What are the rest of the lyrics? This was one of my parents old 78's, it was song by a small group of men, I think it was called, "I just want you" or "Well what do you want?

Want to sing it at a special valentines event. Had an old 78 recording when I was a kid about two brothers fighting to get in the out house. No song called "Easy Baby" has been a hit naywhere that we can see. My mother,who is deseased, sang an old song when I was very small. It may evenpe-date the 30's. This is all I remember of it; "The Angels are lighting God's little candles, softly they glow and something likein the light of the day" Possibly a Christmas Carol. Looking for a song I heard just once about a plane the president's plane?

Would be really lovely if someone has heard it or of it. Im looking a song my grandm sung to me My 72 year old aunt used to play her grandfather's record in the 50s which she says was bigger than a 78 so don't know if it was from the 20s, 30s or 40s. I has an old 78 when I was a kid which was my grandfathers. It had a song on it about a farmer feeding his animals.

The 'Punch' line was, "Be quiet, said Jim, and you'll get your supper now" followed by a big heap of animal noises. Any ideas? Possibly s. Heard the end of a song on 's UK radio hour Looking for title of a 's song with lyrics "Picture a horse without a stable, picture MGM with Gable". I'll put your glass eye in on the dresser, your wooden leg in the corner, your wig upon the chair, your false The Girls - Various - Now Thats What I Call Music!

67 (CD) in a glass. She's in a nursing home and likes to sing to them. Looking to find a song from the 30's maybe late 30's with the The Girls - Various - Now Thats What I Call Music! 67 (CD) Arlene in it. The name "Arlene" does not appear in any hit at all from any era. The name Marlene does show up in quite a few, the closest being the song "Lili Marlene" from the early s. Lyrics go something like: is love like a rose that blossumsm and grows then withers and dies when summer is gone?

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Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Neuro-Degenerative Diseases. Journal of Environmental and Public Health Review. Annu Rev Public Health. The International Journal of Neuroscience. BioMed Research International. Caregiving for Alzheimer's Disease. Current Treatment Options in Neurology.

Acta Neurologica Belgica Review. Int J Tryptophan Res. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Current Opinion in Neurology. Diagnostic Imaging. Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 7 January Molecular Neurodegeneration. Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. Neuromolecular Medicine.

The Journal of Neuroscience. Progress in Neurobiology. Biochemical Society Transactions. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. Nature Neuroscience. Bibcode : Sci Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

April Lancet Neurology. Brain Research Reviews. Genes, Brain, and Behavior. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. Archived from the original PDF on 27 February Retrieved 22 February Pharmaceuticals Basel.

August The Lancet. Journal of Neurology. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders. L'Encephale in French. Acta Medica Portuguesa in Portuguese. Archives of Internal Medicine. Archives of General Psychiatry. The Neurologist. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Risk assessment and primary prevention Pressure - Matter (4) - Paroxysmal (CD Alzheimer disease".

The American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology. Sci Rep. Bibcode : NatSR Subcellular Biochemistry. The Denver Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2 May Current Psychiatry Reports. Acta Biomed. Retrieved 13 December Molecular Neurobiology. OCLC Curr Treat Options Neurol Review. BioMed Research International Review. British Journal Pressure - Matter (4) - Paroxysmal (CD Clinical Pharmacology Review. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease Review. Nutritional Neuroscience Review.

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Ballard CG ed. The Lancet Neurology. Lay summary. Steering Committee on Practice Guidelines December Second edition". Clinical Rehabilitation. BMJ Open. Neal M ed. Chung JC ed. The British Journal of Psychiatry. The Gerontologist.

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Switzerland: World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 10 February CiteSeerX Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 18 June World Population Prospects: The Revision. Working Paper No. Alzheimer A Translated by H. By Alois Alzheimer, Translated by L. Jarvik and H. Greenson ". Ulrike M, Konrad M New York: Columbia University Press. Translated by Diefendorf A. Kessinger Publishing. New York: Raven Press. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders.

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Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch. London: Abacus. The notebook. Thorndike, Maine: Thorndike Press. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 24 January Ashita no Kioku in Japanese.

New York: A. Archived from the original on 24 May BBC Cambridgeshire. Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 2 March London: Guardian Media. Archived from the original on 15 January Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 18 June The New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 21 April The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 16 February Merck Alzheimer's Drug Study Halted Early for Futility Independent study monitors concluded that there was "virtually no chance of finding a positive clinical effect.

Retrieved 17 May Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. Behavioural Brain Research. The Journal of Pathology Original study. This loss results in gross atrophy of the affected regions, including degeneration in the temporal lobe and parietal lobeand parts of the frontal cortex and cingulate gyrus. Tangles neurofibrillary tangles are aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau which has become hyperphosphorylated and accumulate inside the cells themselves.

Although many older individuals develop some plaques and tangles as a consequence of aging, the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease have a greater number of them in specific brain regions such as the temporal lobe. Alzheimer's disease has been identified as a protein misfolding diseasea proteopathycaused by the accumulation of abnormally folded amyloid beta protein into amyloid plaques, and tau protein into neurofibrillary tangles in the brain.

Amyloid beta is a fragment from the larger amyloid-beta precursor protein APP a transmembrane protein that penetrates the neuron's membrane. APP is critical to neuron growth, survival, and post-injury repair.

Alzheimer's disease is also considered a tauopathy due to abnormal aggregation of the tau protein. Every neuron has a cytoskeletonan internal support structure partly made up of structures called microtubules.

These microtubules act like tracks, guiding nutrients and molecules from the body of the cell to the ends of the axon and back. A protein called tau stabilises the microtubules when phosphorylatedand is therefore called a microtubule-associated protein. In Alzheimer's disease, tau undergoes chemical changes, becoming hyperphosphorylated ; it then begins to pair with other threads, creating neurofibrillary tangles and disintegrating the neuron's transport system.

Exactly how disturbances of production and aggregation of the beta-amyloid peptide give rise to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease is not known. Accumulation of aggregated amyloid fibrilswhich are believed to be the toxic form of the protein responsible for disrupting the cell's calcium ion homeostasisinduces programmed cell death apoptosis. Various inflammatory processes and cytokines may also have a role in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation is a general marker of tissue damage in any disease, and may be either secondary to tissue damage in Alzheimer's disease or a marker of an immunological response.

Obesity and systemic inflammation may interfere with immunological processes which promote disease progression. Alterations in the distribution of different neurotrophic factors and in the expression of their receptors such as the brain-derived neurotrophic factor BDNF have been described in Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's disease is usually diagnosed based on the person's medical historyhistory from relatives, and behavioral observations. The presence of characteristic neurological and neuropsychological features and the absence of alternative conditions is supportive. Assessment of intellectual functioning including memory testing can further characterise the state of the disease.

The diagnosis can be confirmed with very high accuracy post-mortem when brain material is available and can be examined histologically. A histopathologic confirmation including a microscopic examination of brain tissue is required for a definitive diagnosis. Good statistical reliability and validity have been shown between the diagnostic criteria and definitive histopathological confirmation. Neuropsychological tests including cognitive tests such as the Mini—Mental State Examination MMSE are widely used to evaluate the cognitive impairments needed for diagnosis.

More comprehensive test arrays are necessary for high reliability of results, particularly in the earliest stages of the disease. Further neurological examinations are crucial in the differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and other diseases.

Caregivers can supply important information on the daily living abilities, as well as on the decrease, over time, of the person's mental function. Supplemental testing provides extra information on some features of the Album) or is used to rule out other diagnoses. Blood tests can identify other causes for dementia than AD [24] —causes which may, in rare cases, be reversible. It is also necessary to rule out delirium. Psychological tests for depression are employed, since depression can either be concurrent with Alzheimer's disease see Depression of Alzheimer diseasean early sign of cognitive impairment, [] or even the cause.

Due to low accuracy, the C-PIB-PET scan is not recommended to be used as an early diagnostic tool or for predicting the development of Alzheimer's disease when people show signs of mild cognitive impairment MCI.

There is no evidence that supports any particular measure as being effective in preventing Alzheimer's disease. Epidemiological studies have proposed relationships between certain modifiable factors, such as diet, cardiovascular risk, pharmaceutical products, or intellectual activities, among others, and a population's likelihood of developing Alzheimer's Album). Only further research, including clinical trials, will reveal whether these factors can help to prevent Alzheimer's disease.

Cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypercholesterolaemiahypertensiondiabetesand smokingare associated with a higher risk of onset and worsened course of Alzheimer's disease. Long-term usage of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs were thought in to be associated with a reduced likelihood of developing Alzheimer's disease. Evidence suggests that higher education and occupational attainment, and participation in leisure activities show a reduced risk of developing Alzheimer's, [] or of delaying the onset of symptoms.

This is compatible with the cognitive reserve theory, which states that some life experiences result in more efficient neural functioning providing the individual a cognitive reserve that delays the onset of dementia manifestations. Physical exercise is associated with decreased rate of dementia. Diet is seen to be a modifiable risk factor for the development of dementia. A different approach has been to incorporate elements of both of these diets into one known as the MIND diet.

Raised blood sugar levels over a long time, can damage nerves and cause memory problems if they are not managed. The MIND diet may be more protective but further studies are needed. The Mediterranean diet seems to be more protective against Alzheimer's than DASH but there are no consistent findings against dementia in general. The role of olive oil needs further study as it may be one of the most important components in reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia.

In those with celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivitya strict gluten-free diet may relieve the symptoms given a mild cognitive impairment. Conclusions on dietary components have been difficult to ascertain as results have differed between population-based studies and randomised controlled trials.

Curcumin as of [update] had not shown benefit in people even though there is tentative evidence in animals. However, further population studies are recommended to see this use beyond experimental. There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease; available treatments offer relatively small symptomatic benefits but remain palliative in nature.

Current treatments can be divided into pharmaceutical, psychosocial, and caregiving. Medications used to treat the cognitive problems of Alzheimer's disease include: four acetylcholinesterase inhibitors tacrinerivastigminegalantamineand donepezil and memantinean NMDA receptor antagonist.

The benefit from their use is small. Reduction in the activity of the cholinergic neurons is a well-known feature of Alzheimer's disease. Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter of the nervous systemalthough excessive amounts in the brain can lead to cell death through a process called excitotoxicity which consists of the overstimulation of glutamate receptors.

Excitotoxicity occurs not only in Alzheimer's disease, but also in other neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors and inhibiting their overstimulation by glutamate. An extract of Ginkgo biloba known as EGb has been widely used for treating Alzheimer's and other neuropsychiatric disorders.

EGb is the only one that showed improvement of symptoms in both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. EGb is seen as being able to play an important role either on its own or as an add-on particularly when other therapies prove ineffective.

Many studies of its use in mild to moderate dementia have shown it to significantly improve cognitive function, activities of daily living, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, its use has not been shown to prevent the progression to dementia. Atypical antipsychotics are modestly useful in reducing aggression and psychosis in people with Alzheimer's disease, but their advantages are offset by serious adverse effects, such as strokemovement difficulties or cognitive decline.

Psychosocial interventions are used as an adjunct to pharmaceutical treatment and can be classified within behavior- emotion- cognition- or stimulation-oriented approaches. Research on efficacy is unavailable and rarely specific to Alzheimer's disease, focusing instead on dementia in general. Behavioral interventions attempt to identify and reduce the antecedents and consequences of problem behaviors.

This approach has not shown success in improving overall functioning, [] but can help to reduce some specific problem behaviors, such as incontinence. Emotion-oriented interventions include reminiscence therapyvalidation therapysupportive psychotherapysensory integrationalso called snoezelenand simulated presence therapy. A Cochrane review has found no evidence that this is effective.

A review of the effectiveness of RT found that effects were inconsistent, small in size and of doubtful clinical significance, and varied by setting. There is partial evidence indicating that SPT may reduce challenging behaviors. There is no evidence to support the usefulness of these therapies.

The aim of cognition-oriented treatments, which include reality orientation and cognitive retrainingis the reduction of cognitive deficits. Reality orientation consists of the presentation of information about time, place, or person to ease the understanding of the person about its surroundings and his or her place in them.

On the other hand, cognitive retraining tries to improve impaired capacities by exercising mental abilities. Both have shown some efficacy improving cognitive capacities, [] although in some studies these effects were transient and negative effects, such as frustration, have also been reported.

Stimulation-oriented treatments include artmusic and pet therapies, exerciseand any other kind of recreational activities. Stimulation has modest support for improving behavior, mood, and, to a lesser extent, function. Nevertheless, as important as these effects are, the main support for the use of stimulation therapies is the change in the person's routine.

Since Alzheimer's has no cure and it gradually renders people incapable of tending to their own needs, caregiving is essentially the treatment and must be carefully managed over the course of the disease. During the early and moderate stages, modifications to the living environment and lifestyle can increase patient safety and reduce caretaker burden. In such cases, the medical efficacy and ethics of continuing feeding is an important consideration of the caregivers and family members.

As the disease progresses, different medical issues can appear, such as oral and dental diseasepressure ulcersmalnutritionhygiene problems, or respiratoryskinor eye infections. Careful management can prevent them, while professional treatment is needed when they do arise. The early stages of Alzheimer's disease are difficult to diagnose.

A definitive diagnosis is usually made once cognitive impairment compromises daily living activities, although the person may still be living independently. The symptoms will progress from mild cognitive problems, such as memory loss through increasing stages of cognitive and non-cognitive disturbances, eliminating any possibility of independent living, especially in the late stages of the disease. Life expectancy of people with Alzheimer's disease is reduced. Other coincident diseases such as heart problemsdiabetes or history of alcohol abuse are also related with shortened survival.

Pneumonia and dehydration are the most frequent immediate causes of death brought by Alzheimer's disease, while cancer is a less frequent cause of death than in the general population. Two main measures are used in epidemiological studies: incidence and prevalence. Incidence is the number of new cases per unit of person-time at risk usually number of new cases per thousand person-years ; while prevalence is the total number of cases of the disease in the population at any given time.

Regarding incidence, cohort longitudinal studies studies where a disease-free population is followed over the years provide rates between 10 and 15 per thousand person-years for all dementias and 5—8 for Alzheimer's disease, [] [] which means that half of new dementia cases each year are Alzheimer's disease. Advancing age is a primary risk factor for the disease and incidence rates are not equal for all ages: every five years after the age of 65, the risk of acquiring the disease approximately doubles, increasing from 3 to as much as 69 per thousand person years.

The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease in populations is dependent upon different factors including incidence and survival. Since the incidence of Alzheimer's disease increases with age, it is particularly important to include the mean age of the population of interest.

In the United States, Alzheimer's prevalence was estimated to be 1. The ancient Greek and Roman philosophers and physicians associated old age with increasing dementia. He followed her case until she died in when he first reported publicly on it.

For most of the 20th century, the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease was reserved for individuals between the ages of 45 and 65 who developed symptoms of dementia. The terminology changed after when a conference on Alzheimer's disease concluded that the clinical and pathological manifestations of presenile and senile dementia were almost identical, although the authors also added that this did not rule out the possibility that they had different causes.

Eventually, the term Alzheimer's disease was formally adopted in medical nomenclature to describe individuals of all ages with a characteristic common symptom pattern, disease course, and neuropathology. Dementia, and specifically Alzheimer's disease, may be among the most costly diseases for society in Europe and the United States, [] [] while their costs in other countries such as Argentina, [] and South Korea, [] are also high and rising. These costs will probably increase with the aging of society, becoming an important social problem.

AD-associated costs include direct medical costs such as nursing home caredirect nonmedical costs such as in-home day careand indirect costs such as lost productivity of both patient and caregiver.

Costs increase with dementia severity and the presence of behavioral disturbances, [] and are related to the increased caregiving time required for the provision of physical care. Economic evaluations of current treatments have shown positive results.

The role of the main caregiver is often taken by the spouse or a close relative. Dementia caregivers are subject to high rates of physical and mental disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy and the teaching of coping strategies either individually or in group have demonstrated their efficacy in improving caregivers' psychological health.

Alzheimer's disease has been portrayed in films such as: Irisbased on John Bayley 's memoir of his wife Iris Murdoch; [] The Notebookbased on Nicholas Sparks ' novel of the same name ; [] A Moment to Remember ; Thanmathra ; [] Memories of Tomorrow Ashita no Kiokubased on Hiroshi Ogiwara's novel of the same name; [] Away from Herbased on Alice Munro 's short story " The Bear Came over the Mountain "; [] Still Aliceabout a Columbia University professor who has early onset Alzheimer's disease, based on Lisa Genova 's novel of the same name and featuring Julianne Moore in the title role.

In earlya trial of verubecestatwhich inhibits the beta-secretase protein responsible for creating beta-amyloid protein was discontinued as an independent panel found "virtually no chance of finding a positive clinical effect". It has a marked increase in oxidative stress in the brain. Medications that reduce oxidative stress have been shown to improve memory.

This process begets increased amyloid-beta, which further damages mitochondria. Research on the effects of meditation on preserving memory and cognitive functions is at an early stage. The ketogenic diet is a very high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that is used to treat refractory epilepsy in children. Designed to mimic some of the effects of fasting, following a ketogenic diet leads to elevated blood levels of molecules called ketone bodies : a metabolic state known as ketosis.

These ketone bodies have a neuroprotective effect on aging brain cells, though it is not fully understood why. Limited research in the form of preclinical trials mice and ratsand small-scale clinical human trials, have explored its potential as a therapy for neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease.

The herpes simplex virus HSV-1 has been found in the same areas as amyloid plaques. Fungal infection of Alzheimer's disease brain has also been described. Carrasco when his group found statistical correlation between disseminated mycoses and Alzheimer's disease. The slow progression of Alzheimer's disease fits with the chronic nature of some systemic fungal infections, which can be asymptomatic and thus, unnoticed and untreated.

Moir and R. Tanzi in mouse and worm models of Alzheimer's disease. Emphasis in Alzheimer's research has been placed on diagnosing the condition before symptoms begin. Some such tests involve the analysis of cerebrospinal fluid for beta-amyloid, total tau protein and phosphorylated tau P protein concentrations.

A blood test for circulatory miRNA and inflammatory biomarkers is a potential alternative indicator. A series of studies suggest that aging-related breakdown of the blood—brain barrier may be causative of Alzheimer's disease, and conclude that markers for that damage may be an early predictor of the disease. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory loss. For other uses, see Alzheimer disambiguation.

Medical condition. This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. March Main article: Biochemistry of Alzheimer's disease. Enzymes act on the APP amyloid-beta precursor protein and cut it into fragments.

The beta-amyloid fragment is crucial in the formation of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease. This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: DSM5 not accounted for. Further information: Neurobiological effects of physical exercise. Further information: Caring for people with dementia and Palliative care. No data. See also: Alzheimer's disease organizations. Further information: Caregiving and dementia. Main article: Alzheimer's disease in the media.

PMID S2CID World Health Organization. September Archives of Neurology. Archives of Medical Research. PMC Archived from the original PDF on 5 December Retrieved 30 November No therapeutic advantage" [Drugs for Alzheimer's disease: best avoided. No therapeutic advantage]. Prescrire International. The New England Journal of Medicine. National Institute on Aging.

Retrieved 25 January International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Retrieved 17 March Current Alzheimer Research. BMC Geriatrics. Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 29 November US Food and Drug Administration. Archived from the original on 29 November Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

ISSN Seniors with dementia experience the same prevalence of conditions likely to cause pain as seniors without dementia. Persistent pain can lead to decreased ambulation, depressed mood, sleep disturbances, impaired appetite, and exacerbation of cognitive impairment [] and pain-related interference with activity is a factor contributing to falls in the elderly.

Although persistent pain in people with dementia is difficult to communicate, diagnose, and treat, failure to address persistent pain has profound functional, psychosocial and quality of life implications for this vulnerable population. Health professionals often lack the skills and usually lack the time needed to recognize, accurately assess and adequately monitor pain in people with dementia.

Educational resources and observational assessment tools are available. Persons with dementia may have difficulty eating. Whenever it is available as an option, the recommended response to eating problems is having a caretaker assist them. However, in bringing comfort and maintaining functional status while lowering risk of aspiration pneumonia and death, assistance with oral feeding is at least as good as tube feeding.

Tube feedings may cause fluid overload, diarrhea, abdominal pain, local complications, less human interaction and may increase the risk of aspiration. Benefits in those with advanced dementia has not been shown. A Cochrane review found no certain evidence about the immediate and long-term effects of modifying the thickness of fluids for swallowing difficulties in people with dementia.

Exercise programs may improve the ability of people with dementia to perform daily activities, but the best type of exercise is still unclear. A balance of strength exercise, to help muscles pump blood to the brain, and balance exercises are recommended for aging people. A suggested amount of about 2 and a half hours per week can reduce risks of cognitive decay as well as other health risks like falling.

A Cochrane Review highlighted the current lack of high-quality evidence to determine whether assistive technology effectively supports people with dementia to manage memory issues. Aromatherapy and massage have unclear evidence. Given the progressive and terminal nature of dementia, palliative care can be helpful to patients and their caregivers by helping people with the disorder and their caregivers understand what to expect, deal with loss of physical and mental abilities, support the person's wishes and goals including surrogate decision making, and discuss wishes for or against CPR and life support.

Person-centered care helps maintain the dignity of people with dementia. A Cochrane review found that remotely delivered interventions including support, training and information may reduce the burden for the informal caregiver and improve their depressive symptoms. The findings are based on moderate certainty evidence from 26 studies.

The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. The annual incidence of dementia diagnosis is over 9. The incidence of dementia increases exponentially with age, doubling with every 6.

Dementia impacts not only individuals with dementia, but also their carers and the wider society. Among people aged 60 years and over, dementia is ranked the 9th most burdensome condition according to the Global Burden of Disease GBD estimates. Until the end of the 19th century, dementia was a much broader clinical concept.

It included mental illness and any type of psychosocial incapacity, including reversible conditions. Dementia has been referred to in medical texts since antiquity. One of the earliest known allusions to dementia is attributed to the 7th-century BC Greek philosopher Pythagoraswho divided the human lifespan into six distinct phases: 0—6 infancy7—21 adolescence22—49 young adulthood50—62 middle age63—79 old ageand 80—death advanced age.

The last two he described as the "senium", a period of mental and physical decay, and that the final phase was when "the scene of mortal existence closes after a great length of time that very fortunately, few of the human species arrive at, where the mind is reduced to the imbecility of the first epoch of infancy".

Chinese medical texts made allusions to the condition as well, and the characters for "dementia" translate literally to "foolish old person".

Athenians Aristotle and Plato spoke of the mental decay of advanced age, apparently viewing it as an inevitable process that affected all old men, and which nothing could prevent. Plato stated that the elderly were unsuited for any position of responsibility because, "There is not much acumen of the mind that once carried them in their youth, those characteristics one would call judgement, imagination, power of reasoning, and memory.

They see them gradually blunted by deterioration and can hardly fulfill their function. For comparison, the Roman statesman Cicero held a view much more in line with modern-day medical wisdom that loss of mental function was not inevitable in the elderly and "affected only those old men who were weak-willed". He spoke of how those who remained mentally active and eager to learn new things could stave off dementia. However, Cicero's views on aging, although progressive, were largely ignored in a world that would be dominated for centuries by Aristotle's medical writings.

Physicians during the Roman Empire, such as Galen and Celsussimply repeated the beliefs of Aristotle while adding few new contributions to medical knowledge. Byzantine physicians sometimes wrote of dementia. It is recorded that at least seven emperors whose lifespans exceeded 70 years displayed signs of cognitive decline.

In Constantinoplespecial hospitals housed those diagnosed with dementia or insanity, but these did not apply to the emperors, who were above the law and whose health conditions could not be publicly acknowledged. Otherwise, little is recorded about dementia in Western medical texts for nearly years. One of the few references was the 13th-century friar Roger Baconwho viewed old age as divine punishment for original sin. Although he repeated existing Aristotelian beliefs that dementia was inevitable, he did make the progressive assertion that the brain was the center of memory and thought rather than the heart.

Poets, playwrights, and other writers made frequent allusions to the loss of mental function in old age. William Shakespeare notably mentions it in plays such as Hamlet and King Lear. During the 19th century, doctors generally came to believe that elderly dementia was the result of cerebral atherosclerosisalthough opinions fluctuated between the idea that it was due to blockage of the major arteries supplying the brain or small strokes within the vessels of the cerebral cortex.

In Alzheimer's disease was described. This was associated with particular microscopic changes in the brain, but was seen as a rare disease of middle age because the first person diagnosed with it was a year-old woman. By —20, schizophrenia had been well-defined in a way similar to later times. This viewpoint remained conventional medical wisdom through the first half of the 20th century, but by the s it was increasingly challenged as the link between neurodegenerative diseases and age-related cognitive decline was established.

By the s, the medical community maintained that vascular dementia was rarer than previously thought and Alzheimer's disease caused the vast majority of old age mental impairments. More recently however, it is believed that dementia is often a mixture of conditions. Inneurologist Robert Katzmann suggested a link between senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

This is shown by documented supercentenarians people living to or more who experienced no substantial cognitive impairment. Some evidence suggests that dementia is most likely to develop between ages 80 and 84 and individuals who pass that point without being affected have a lower chance of developing it.

Women account for a larger percentage of dementia cases than men, although this can be attributed to their longer overall lifespan and greater odds of attaining an age where the condition is likely to occur. Much like other diseases associated with aging, dementia was comparatively rare before the 20th century, because few people lived past Conversely, syphilitic dementia was widespread in the developed world until it was largely eradicated by the use of penicillin after World War II.

With significant increases in life expectancy thereafter, the number of people over 65 started rapidly climbing. Public awareness of Alzheimer's Disease greatly increased in when former US president Ronald Reagan announced that he had been diagnosed with the condition.

In the 21st century, other types of dementia were differentiated from Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementias the most common types. This differentiation is on the basis of pathological examination of brain tissues, by symptomatology, and by different patterns of brain metabolic activity in nuclear medical imaging tests such as SPECT and PETscans of the brain. The various forms have differing prognoses and differing epidemiologic Album) factors.

The main cause for many diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, remains unclear. Dementia in the elderly was once called senile dementia or senilityand viewed as a normal and somewhat inevitable aspect of aging. By —20 the term dementia praecox was introduced to suggest the development of senile-type dementia at a younger age.

Eventually the two terms fused, so that until physicians used the terms dementia praecox precocious dementia and schizophrenia interchangeably. Since then, science has determined that dementia and schizophrenia are two different disorders, though they share some similarities. After aboutthe beginning use of dementia for what is now understood as schizophrenia and senile dementia helped limit the word's meaning to "permanent, irreversible mental deterioration".

This began the change to the later use of the term. In recent studies, researchers have seen a connection between those diagnosed with schizophrenia and patients who are diagnosed with dementia, finding a positive correlation between the two diseases. The view that dementia must always be the result of a particular disease process led for a time to the proposed diagnosis of "senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type" SDAT in persons over the age of 65, with "Alzheimer's disease" diagnosed in persons younger than 65 who had the same pathology.

Eventually, however, it was agreed that the age limit was artificial, and that Alzheimer's disease was the appropriate term for persons with that particular brain pathology, regardless of age. Aftermental illnesses including schizophrenia were removed from the category of organic brain syndromesand thus by definition removed from possible causes of "dementing illnesses" dementias.

At the same, however, the traditional cause of senile dementia — "hardening of the arteries" — now returned as a set of dementias of vascular cause small strokes.

These were now termed multi-infarct dementias or vascular dementias. The societal cost of dementia is high, especially for caregivers. This steady increase will be seen not just within the United States but globally.

Many countries consider the care of people living with dementia a national priority and invest in resources and education to better inform health and social service workers, unpaid caregivers, relatives and members of the wider community. Several countries have authored national plans or strategies. There, as with all mental disorders, people with dementia could potentially be a danger to themselves or others, they can be detained under the Mental Health Act for assessment, care and treatment.

This is a last resort, and is usually avoided by people with family or friends who can ensure care. Some hospitals in Britain work to provide enriched and friendlier care.

To make the hospital wards calmer and less overwhelming to residents, staff replaced the usual nurses' station with a collection of smaller desks, similar to a reception area. The incorporation of bright lighting helps increase positive mood and allow residents to see more easily. Driving with dementia can lead to injury or death.

Doctors should advise appropriate testing on when to quit driving. They acknowledge that in low-severity cases and those with an early diagnosis, drivers may be permitted to continue driving. Many support networks are available to people with dementia and their families and caregivers.

Charitable organisations aim to raise awareness and campaign for the rights of people living with dementia. Support and guidance are available on assessing testamentary capacity in people with dementia.

This donation is the largest non-capital grant Atlantic has ever made, and the biggest philanthropic donation in Irish history. In Octoberthe Caretaker 's last music release, Everywhere at the End of Timewas popularized by TikTok users for its depiction of the stages of dementia.

The donation was announced to be split between the Alzheimer's Society and Music for Dementia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Senile dementia. This is the latest accepted revisionreviewed on 1 October Long-term brain disorders causing impaired memory, thinking and behavior. This article is about the cognitive disorder. For other uses, see Dementia disambiguation. For other uses, see Senile disambiguation and Demented disambiguation. Medical condition. Main article: Alzheimer's disease.

Main article: Vascular dementia. Main article: Dementia with Lewy bodies. Further information: Lewy body dementias. Main article: Frontotemporal dementia. Main article: Prevention of dementia. See also: Neuroplastic effects of pollution. Main article: Psychological therapies for dementia.

Further information: Neurobiological effects of physical exercise. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.

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